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A F/'rst Independence Anniversary 


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A First Independence Anniversary Review 



GHANA is one year old. She has just entered her second year of indepen- 
dence and sovereignty. For Ghana and her people, the time has been 
eventful; the experience has been exciting. 

Time passes and experience, however poignant, recedes imperceptibly 
into oblivion. And that is precisely the excuse for launching out this modest 
effort to recapture and record some of the most outstanding events and some 
of the most exciting experiences of that most important year in the life of 
our new nation in a permanent and systematic form. 

"Ghana: One Year Old" is therefore an anthology of the records of the 
main events and experiences of our first year of independence. It is 
of the nature of a national stock-taking. The job is, therefore, one that 
demands consummate accuracy and impartiality, the intent and purpose 
being the writing of the history of Ghana in annual instalments. 

It is for this reason that we have had to be at great pains to secure 
personalities who are authorities in the respective fields assigned to them. 
Many of them are not merely detached but knowledgeable observers; they 
are active leading actors in the drama they describe. 

The result is that you have within the covers of this publication 
authoritative records of the main events and developments that transpired 
during the first year of Ghana's independence. 

Next year it will be "Ghana: Two Years Old". The year after that it will 
be "Ghana: Three Years Old" and so on. And as one issue succeeds another, 
year after year, you will be in possession of a veritable mine of material 
for reference, education and entertainment. 

The present effort is not by any means comprehensive in its content 
or perfect in its presentation. But it is an effort, nevertheless. Next year it 
will be better. 

One last word. Contributors have been given free-hand in writing up 
their material. Working on the dictum that "facts are sacred, comment is 
free", we have made it our business to concern ourselves with the veracity of 
facts; we have left comments severely alone — they are the sole responsibility 
of their originators, not ours. 

Remember, next year it will be "Ghana: Two Years Old". 

a ot tneir originators, not ours. ^ 
Remember, next year it will be "Ghana: Two Years Old". 


I I 


$ Page 

S> Ode to Independence by MacNeill Stewart 2 

k The Prime Minister Reviews the Year 3 


fc "A Great Deal Remains to be Done", a Review 

S by Dr. K. A. Busia 5 

^ Ghana in World Affairs by Moses Danquah ... 6 

National Assembly: Debates and Decisions by 
K. Y. Attoh 1 1 

Press and Pressmen by the Editor 

Ghana's Contribution to World Science by Dr. 
A. H. Ward 14 

Survey of Investments in Ghana (from "The 

Commonwealth") 15 

Developments: The Plan and the Achievement 16 

Self-Help Projects by Moses Danquah 18 

Education for the People by G. Adali-Mortty 19 

Twelve Months of Entertainment by Henry Ofori 20 

Art and Artists of the Year by Kofi Antubam 21 

Sports by P. D. Quartey and Edmund Bannerman 22 

A Year of Hope for Fanners by Martin Appiah- 

Danquah 24 

Battles of the Beauties by Oscar Tsedze 25 

It has Been a Grand Year in Aboati by Carl Mutt 30 


The people of Israel have followed Ghana's struggle 
for independence with intense interest and 
sympathy. The energy and perseverance of this 
relentless yet patient struggle created in the hearts 
of most Israeli citizens a warmth of feeling for the 
Ghana fellow nation and a deep understanding of the 
problems and exigencies of this new State. 

Like in the life of a new-born child, the first years of 
a newly horn country are the most exciting. Every day 
something new is added to the permanent character of 
the tender creature. Love, devotion, wisdom and patience 
must be extended to it by those who want it to become 
their perfect pride and delight. Every day then it will 
become more perfect, more mature, more eloquent 
and more capable of doing itself and for itself all that 
for which previously she was dependent upon others. 

Already during the first year of her independence, 
Ghana has vigorously and courageously begun to 
tackle some of her problems. Her statesmanlike and 
wise approach has helped to enhance her international 
posture and to convince everybody, near or distant, 
that this new democracy is going to be a success. 

Ghana has only friends and well-wishers. It is a 
great privilege to represent in Ghana one of her 
friends. I am sure that every Israeli will be with you on 
your great day, the first anniversary of sovereignty 
and independence. Wishing you continued luck and 
success in your efforts to be a shining example for the 
African continent and a bridge to many nations who 
pray for your happy future. 

Mr. Ehud Avriel, Israeli Ambassador in Ghana 

Messages written specially for 
"Ghana : One Year Old" 

As we look back over the past years, we can 
with deep satisfaction say to ourselves and to 
the world that the African is capable of self- 

We have gone through a bloodless political 
"revolution" which predicts the inevitable emancipa- 
tion of all African peoples presently under colonial 
tutelage. Yet we in Ghana have another revolution — 
a greater one — confronting us. Our concepts of 
nationhood, liberty, individual freedom and justice 
still have to be defined and refined. We still have to 
learn to be tolerant with one another and bear in mind 
that to "agree to disagree" is one of the tenets of 
true democratic society. 

In the economic sphere, our physical and human 
resources need a good deal of prudent and progressive 
planning to ensure the realisation of their benefits. 

In celebrating this first Anniversary of our In- 
dependence, the Northern Territories Council call upon 
all Ghanaians to reflect over the past year, learn from 
our shortcomings, and rededicate ourselves to the great 
task of making this nation the vanguard of African 

Yacubu Tali, Tulon Na, M.P., President of Northern 
Ghana Territorial Council 

As was to be expected, the first year of Indepen- 
dence and self-government has not proved to be 
altogether smooth sailing. Political and econo- 
mic "hangovers" from the colonial period have had to 
be contended with. 

The shock of inevitable turnover in administrative 
and specialist personnel has bad to be absorbed; 
and the over-riding problem of meeting the legitimate 
expectations of the ordinary citizen, in terms of 
employment, as well as food, shelter and clothing and 
social services, has had to be squarely faced. 

Indeed, the courageous vigour with which the 
Government and people of Ghana have coped with the 
birth pains of this new socio-political order cannot fail 
to command the unqualified respect of every conscien- 
tious observer. 

Any Government whose leadership is ready and 
willing to be judged by the manner in which it endeavours 
to provide and secure the social, moral and spiritual 
welfare of its citizenry, is one whose performance is 
worth watching. 

This becomes particularly true, if taken in the context 
of indigenous Africa where the strident call for centuries 
has been and still is for the basic human necessities and 
for protection against the hazards of old age, infirmity 
and crippling diseases. 

Let us all join, therefore, in the hope that your able 
leaders who seem to be ever sensitive to all that affects 
the general welfare of their country and people, will 
continue to show in the coming years, as in the recent 
past, that measure of rousing patriotism tempered with 
wisdom and moderation which has so far kept the ship 
of State on an even keel. 

Mr. W.A. David, Liberian Ambassador in Ghana 



This is the day for which our fathers sighed; 
The happy day of Ghana's liberty! 
This is I lie day for which we hoped and strived- 
The glorious day of Ghana's sovereignly! 
Let this new nation under God, here, pray 
For greater guidance this momentous day ! 

I .ei us remember them — the men who fell 
For Ghana in the struggle through the years; 

Their sacrifice in shining radiance tell 

What they did here better than all our tears! 

They rest content: they did not die in vain; 

They died for freedom— and in death remain! 

They live in their great deeds, our noble youth; 

They live in all they gave for liberty ; 
Theirs were a fadeless and undying truth 

Thai lives forever beautiful and free! 
For ihey have blest us with a royal wage; 
This freedom is our noblest heritage. 

These youth with their rich blood did dedicate 
The hallowed plot of earth on which we stand. 

We cannot, here, more nobly consecrate 
The precious earth, for they have made the land 

Forever sacred with their holy dust, 

That we may live a people free and just! 

Remember how we suffered ! Let this be 
An index to the pain that others bear, 

That we may always dispense charity, 
And human justice in a world of care! 

Lest we forget the blood dripped from a heart 

That once knew sorrow, other ills apart! 

In freedom, let not justice fade away 
Under the shades of power, to the scorn 

Of sober wisdom. Let this happy day 
Be ever spotless and fresh as the dawn, 

That freedom, justice may forever reign 

In true perfection without blot or stain! 

K. MacNeill Stewart 

Author of "If I Had Wings", etc. 

Let us look back with pride upon the past, 
Anct-its beginnings wrapped in toil and woe; 

The grim intrigues and implications vast; 
The ordeal to distinguish friend from foe; 

The failures and the hours of dark distress, 

And the long, weary years of bitterness! — 

All these are ended: and their ills no more 
Linger on Ghana's troubled, ebon brow; 

Her sons, unknown to fortune, great, though poor, 
Challenged a startled world for freedom, now! 

But a new generation had been born — 

A generation of a greater youth 

Who had no doubt, and fought without a pause. 
Enthused by duly and a love of truth. 

And a belief in Ghana's sacred cause. 
Thus the great struggle in the land took shape, 
From which no son of Ghana could escape! 

A world long nursed in biased disbelief 
Of Ghana's mission, marked a changing scene 

Shape the new nation's will; brought her relief, 
And urged her soar to heights she had not been! 

Then Ghana in the pool of fortune flung 
The sione of freedom — and of freedom sung! 

The nations caught the theme of Ghana's song; 

All Africa was thrilled, for well men knew 
The struggle was to end a biiter wrong — 

The mortal struggle started by a few 
Intrepid men unheralded, unknown: 
Prepared to carry Ghana's cross, alone! 

With fortitude, along the bitter way 

This band of heroes walked, holding their cross. 
What pain did they not suffer day by day! 

What sacrifice! what anguish! and what loss! 
Yet, they walked on, blindly to calvary, 
That Ghana, this new nation, might be free! 

Ye royal horns, blow on! Ye great drums, roll! 

This is the time, the hour for things like these 
To stir the depths of every patriot's soul 

With music that is Ghana's. On the breeze 
The music of a land may fade away, 
But not our song, this Independence Day ! 

Therefore, ye bells, ring out your happy tune! 

Ye organs peal! Ye joyful choirs sing! 
This is our greatest day on earth, and soon 

There comes the pageant and the gathering 
Of men and women, jubilant, serene, 
To crown with sacred joy a sacred scene! 

Honour and justice, now, are gathered here 
In splendid concourse, and a wondering world 

Looks on the pomp that flourish everywhere 
The flag of Ghana is, with joy, unfurled — 

That glorious tricolour graced with a star 

Of hope serene, to gladden Africa ! 

O glorious day of happiness, sublime! 

O day of everlasting memory ! 
O day immortal as immortal time ! 

O day of triumph! Day of destiny! 
Ghana has come of age, so let us pray 
For blessing this first Independence Day! 

"The Farm", 

Oterkpolu Near Otrokpe, 

Via Koforidmi, 


2lSt January, 1958. 


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He tells the Nation: 

A year ago today, ihe people of this 
country reached the end of their long 
struggle for Independence and won the 
fundamental right of all peoples to govern 
themselves as they see fit. 

Ghana, on this day, was proclaimed a 
free and independent sovereign state. Our 
first year of independence has been a most 
successful and also an eventful one. Our 
achievements, during this period, have proved 
beyond all doubt the justice of our claim to 
govern ourselves and to control our own 

And I wish on this auspicious occasion to 
send my cordial greetings to you all. Our 
first responsibility, as 1 have understood it, 
was to consolidate the independence of 
Ghana and to safeguard our newly created 

In order to do this, we have had to govern 
firmly and will continue to do so within the 
framework of the laws of Ghana. 

We are determined to preseve the demo- 
cratic and traditional way of life in Ghana, 
but will continue to deal firmly with the 
efforts of any unlawful elements or groups 
to undermine by unconstitutional means 
the Government or the established institu- 
tions of Ghana. 

Discipline and Loyalty 

I am convinced that we cannot build up 
this our new state successfully without 
showing personal and public discipline, 
and also demonstrating loyalty to the nation. 

It is a matter for which we can be justly 
proud that against the background of strife 
and turmoil which grips so much of this 
great Continent, the different races represen- 
ted in Ghana have been able to work in 
harmony and understanding. 

This achievement reflects credit on every 
one here and I hope that the tolerance and 
goodwill of Ghanaians towards people from 
overseas may have some effect in persuading 
non-Africans in other parts of this Continent 
to adopt more humane attitudes towards 
our fellow Africans. 

During the last year we have introduced 
many new internal policies which reflect 
our Independence; and we have modified 
many old procedures which were not suitable 
to our new status. We have continued to do 
everything in our power to hasten the 
economic emancipation of our country. 

I reported to Parliament only a fortnight 
ago the impressive achievements of the 
last twelve months. If anyone will survey 
objectively what has been done in Ghana 
during its first year of existence, I am sure 

It has been 

that they will reach the 

conclusion — as many 

of our overseas visitors 

have done — that it 

is a most remarkable record of initiative, 

hard work and successful accomplishment. 

With regard to our foreign affairs, we have 
adhered to the independent policy which was 
announced on the eve of our independence. 
We have taken an active part in the affairs 
of the Commonwealth and in the work of 
the United Nations. Diplomatic relations 
have been established with several countries; 
and we have participated in many inter- 
national and regional conferences. 

In all these activities we have adhered 
to independent policies consistent with the 
safeguarding of our independence and in 
accordance with our strong belief in the. 
right of all peoples to determine their own 
form of Government. 

We have achieved a great deal since our 
Independence but much more remains to 
be done. We must expand and diversify 
our economy'so that suitable opportunities 
will exist for the professional men and women 
and the skilled' technicians who will soon 
become available in increasing numbers 
from our University and other institutions. 
We must increase our national resources 
in order to provide for education, better 
health and welfare facilities, housing and 
essential public services, in the effort to raise 
the standard of living of our people. 

It is my fervent desire that, by our example 
of governing ourselves and the way we 
conduct our affairs, we may assist other 
territories still under foreign rule in Africa 
along the road to freedom and independence. ' 
We are anxious to work together not only 
with other African independent slates in 
the attempt to solve the problems of Africa, 
but we are also determined to do whatever 
we can to assist the other territories of 
Africa that are not yet free in their struggle 
for freedom. 

Frank Discussions 

One of the most burning issues facing 
Africa in our age is whether the forces of 
freedom can triumph over colonialism. 
We, for our part, have no doubt which side 
our forces shall support in this struggle. 

I believe, however, that the best course 
is for leaders in the countries of Africa to 
meet and discuss their common problems 
frankly, and I hope that the Conference of 
African independent states which will meet 
here in Accra next month and the Pan- 


African Conference which will follow will 
prove to be a step in this direction. 

Ghana, as I said a year ago, was born 
into "a world torn and divided in the political 
relationships." Subsequent events have done 
little, if anything, to improve these relation- 
ships and all of us — great nations and small 
nations — continue to live in the shadows 
of nuclear weapons of war. 

The ordinary people of this world would 
be far happier if the energy and resources of 
the Great Powers which are used in an 
attempt to conquer outer space, were directed 
instead towards the conquest of the poverty, 
the malnutrition, the disease and the 
suffering which is the lot of half the popula- 
tion of this world. 

Our first year of independence, as I have 
said, has been one of great activity and 
enterprise. Our gratitude goes out to all 
the men and women of Ghana who have 
worked so hard and so loyally to consolidate 
our independence. And we acknowledge, too, 
the valuable contribution made by many 
overseas people whose belief in Ghana and 
its independence has been demonstrated by 
their hard work and service. 

Inspiration to Others 

The Government hopes to announce at 
an early date details of Ghanaian Honours 
and Decorations which will be bestowed on 
Ghanaians and men and women from 
overseas who have rendered distinguished 
service to our country. The highest award 
will be the Order of the Grand Cross of the 
Star of Ghana. The other Order, to be 
awarded on a wider scale, will be the Order 
of the Volta of which there will be three 
distinctions and three divisions — civil, police 
and military. There will also be a Ghana 
Medal for Gallantry, and Orders and 
Decorations available for the Police and 
Military Forces. 

Despite the dangers and tensions which 
threaten world peace, we enter our second 
year as an, independent country with confi- 
dence, certain of our ability to control our 
own affairs and believing strongly that, 
with the loyal co-operation of our men and 
women, we can build a nation which will 
remain a proud memorial to our generation 
and which will provide inspiration for other 
countries now travelling along the road to 


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...... ........ Soys. ...... ...... 

Dr. K. A. BUSIA 

Leader of the Parliamentary Opposition. 

SOME may look back upon the first year of 
independence with unalloyed joy and 
buoyancy. Independence is certainly a great 
thing for any colonial territory to achieve. 
This is so only because independence gives a 
people their just and rightful opportunity to 
shape their own lives after their own goals. 
Whether independence is used well or ill 
depends on what those goals are. 

There is a tendency on the part of some 
people to measure the gains of independence 
by making a catalogue of the roads and 
buildings and other material structures that 
have been built. These could be means to a 
good life if freedom and justice are not 
stifled along with them. We do wish to see 
the means of abundant life placed at the 
disposal of our fellow citizens, in the towns 
as well as in the villages. We wish them to 
have better houses which they own them- 
selves; we want all workers to have bigger 
shares in the products of their labour so that 
they could have more things to live with and 
to enjoy. A very great deal remains to be 
done before our citizens can enjoy the 
decent standards of life which our potential 
resources and our contemporary civilization 
makes possible. However long we care to 
make the catalogue of achievements, it will 
Still be only a small fraction of what needs to 
be done, for there is much poverty, unemploy- 
ment, ignorance, disease and low productivity 
to combat. 

Supreme test 

But the supreme test of the use to which we 
put our independence must be sought not in 
things but in persons — in human dignity and 
human freedom. Our national motto 
proclaims to the world that we believe in 
freedom and justice and the world will look 
for proof of this in our national life. We 
believe in justice for all, in civil rights and 
freedom for all our nationals, and in the 
right of all peoples to be free. What have 
been our achievements and contributions in 
this direction during our first year of 

The Government have made grave attacks 
on civil liberties. Citizens and residents of 
long standing have been deported. In the 
case of two of them, special bills were rushed 
through Parliament to slop the courts from 
hearing their claims that under our own laws 
they were not liable to be deported. Elemen- 
tary justice and fundamental human rights 
were denied them. The Emergency Powers 
Act, the Statute Law Amendment Act. and 
the Avoidance of Discrimination Act all give 
the Government powers to interfere with 
elementary rights concerning property, move- 
ment, and association. 

A determined effort is being made to 
establish a one-party state by methods which 
are all too familiar — intimidation, cajolery. 
nepotism and oppression of political oppo- 

nents. It is true that the facade of parliamen- 
tary democracy has been maintained, but 
behind it is being built the unmistakable 
structure of an ugly dictatorship. 

All this has not escaped notice abroad. 
We have had apologists who would have us 
believe them to be our best friends; such 
people, knowing that they cannot honestly 
praise us for progress in the extension of 
freedom and justice, make excuses for us by 
saying that our conditions and our natures 
are so different that we cannot be expected 
to have the same conception of freedom and 
justice that the Western democracies have, 
and that we should therefore not be judged 
at all, or not be judged by the same standards. 
This apparent charitableness should not 
flatter us. It seems to say that we are incapa- 
ble of appreciating the concepts of human 
dignity and individual freedom upon which 
parliamentary democracy rests. 

Disturbing sign 

Many of our fellow citizens who are able by 
experience or education to understand these 
things are staggeringly indifferent or apathe- 
tic. This is a most disturbing and ominous 
sign, for if those who understand will not lead 
in the fight for freedom and justice, those who 
rule will progressively take away the liberties 
of the people and reduce them to serfdom. 
Our contemporary civilization provides ade- 
quate means — the police, the army, the radio, 
the press and communications, for the 
effective establishment of dictatorships among 
those who do not show active concern for 
their freedom. 

At the end of the first year of independence, 
other African territories which looked to us 
to be a star of freedom have been given cause 
for dismay and disappointment. We must 
face this challenge. There is still a chance for 
us to export freedom and justice to other 
parts of Africa, and even beyond the borders 
of our vast continent. But we must not delude 
ourselves into thinking that we are a star of 
freedom merely because we are independent. 

There is hope 

The essential task of a democratic country 
is to create the conditions in which I he 
citizens can develop their personalities to the 
full in an atmosphere of freedom — freedom 
of movement, of speech and expression, of 
association, and of access to undoctored 
information. It is by the extent to which we 
guarantee fundamental rights to our citizens 
that those who understand parliamentary 
democracy will judge us. We were bound to 
make mistakes; but it would be folly to 
pretend that the mistakes were not wrong acts 
but good ones, and it would be tragic to 
refuse to learn from them. 

There is hope as long as we are willing to 
learn and to correct our mistakes. Our best 

Dr. K. A. Busia 

friends are those who help us to recognize 
our mistakes, and not those who excuse us by 
saying that we are such a peculiar type of the 
human species that we could not be expected 
to do better. This is an insult, however subtly 
or pleasantly it is disguised in flattering words. 

Our determination is to prove that demo- 
cratic freedom and justice can flourish as 
healthily in Africa as in the Western demo- 
cracies, and that the respect for human 
dignity and personality which gives meaning 
to parliamentary democracy is a value which 
we can all share and whose challenges we are 
fully able to meet. 



A BRIEF yet detailed outline of Ghana's history 
from the time of the visits of the first Portuguese 
navigators in the second half of the fifteenth 
century down (o present times is included, along 
with summarised histories of all the other Common- 
wealth countries, in the 1958 edition of "The 
Commonwealth Relations Office List". 

The early Portuguese, who were in search of gold, 
ivory and spices, were followed by the first recorded 
English trading voyage, which was made by Thomas 
Windham in 1553. In the course of the next three 
centuries the English, Danes, Dutch, Germans and 
Portuguese all controlled various parts of the coast 
at different periods. 

By 1750, the outline continues, only the English, 
Dutch and the Danes had settlements. In 1821, 
the United Kingdom Government assumed control 
of the British trading settlements and on March 6, 
1844, the famous bond was signed with the chiefs 
in the immediate neighbourhood, this date being 
the one eventually chosen for the granting of 

The outline goes on to describe how the Danes 
relinquished their settlements in 1850, being followed 
by the Dutch in 1871 and traces developments in 
the Ashanti and the N.T.'s. until in 1901 the United 
Kingdom assumed full responsibility for the govern- 
ment of the Gold Coast, as it then was, and its 
hinterland. The year 1922 brought Togoland under 
British administration under United Nations trustee- 

Concerning constitutional developments over the 
years leading to independence, the outline gives a 
detailed explanation of the various stages in the 
peaceful progression to self-government. 

The section devoted to Ghana gives complete lists 
of Ghana's Cabinet, her Government and departmen- 
tal officers, and many other details of importance. 



WITH (he attainment of independence on 
March 6, 1957, Ghana was admitted into 
membership of the British Commonwealth of 
Nations. Mr. Harold Macmillan, the British Prime 
Minister, announcing this momentous event in the 
House of Commons, said that after consulting all 
members of that great family of nations it had been 
unanimously agreed that Ghana, after March 6, 
should be thus recognised. 

The Prime Minister declared that the importance 
of the occasion would be "emphasised by the visit 
to Accra for the Ghana independence celebrations 
of Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent, who 
with Her Majesty's gracious consent, will represent 
the Queen at the celebration." And thus by the 
admission of the first independent British territory in 
tropical Africa into membership of the Common- 
wealth, Ghana reached the first stage in her entry 
into the main currents of world affairs. 

The second and even more spectacular stage was 
reached when, on March 10, Ghana was admitted 
into the United Nations Organisation as the 81st 
member on a resolution sponsored by all her sister- 
members of the Commonwealth at a full session of the 
United Nations Assembly. 

The climax was reached on this historic occasion 
when Major Selh Anthony who was then attached to 
the British Embassy in Washington was escorted 
amidst cheers to Ghana's seal as her representative 
and was warmly welcomed by the President. Where- 
upon Commander Allan Noble, the United Kingdom 
Minister for Foreign Affairs and leader of the United 
Kingdom delegation to the United Nations General 
Assembly, sent a message of congratulations to the 
Prime Minister, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, in which 
he said: "We look forward in due course to welcom- 
ing the delegation of Ghana to New York." 

Ghana's new Status 

That hope was soon fulfilled. But before then, 
the important question of exchanging diplomatic 
representation with other nations consequent on 
Ghana's new status had been engaging the attention 
of the Ghana Government and discussions had 
taken place with delegations from the Common- 
wealth and foreign countries which had attended 
the Independence celebrations. 

The first reaction to these discussions was the 
decision of the Government of Liberia to raise the 
status of its Consulate-General to that of an Embassy, 
with the Government of Ghana hoping to take a 
reciprocal action as soon as it became administratively 

Following closely on the heels of these diplomatic 
activities in March, the first trade talks after indepen- 
dence were opened between the Government of 
Ghana and Switzerland inwhich both parties expressed 

their intentions to give their support to efforts of 
private enterprise, to strengthen trade relations and 
to organise a system of regular exchange of inform- 
ation with regard to the development of trade between 
the two countries. 

Earlier, Mr. Ako Adjei, then Minister of the 
Ulterior and Justice, now Minister of Justice, had led 
a three-man delegation to Tunisia which included 
Mr. Krobo Edusei, now Minister of the Interior, to 
represent the Government of Ghana at the first 
independence anniversary celebrations of that country. 
In a report which he broadcast to the nation, Mr. 
Ako Adjei paid glowing tribute to the achievements of 
the Government and people of Tunisia and expressed 
the hope that their visit would pave the way for closer 
friendship between Ghana and the African slates 
bordering the Mediterranean. 

Prime Ministers' Conference 

In April, it was announced that the Prime Minister, 
of Ghana, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, would be one o' 
four Prime Ministers who would be attending, 
for the first time, a meeting of Commonwealth 
Prime Ministers which was to begin in London on 
June 26. A statement issued from the Ministry of 
External Affairs, Accra, said: "The Government of 
Ghana well realise the great value that is attached in 
these meetings of the Commonwealth Prime Ministers 
and warmly welcome the opportunity of being 
represented for the first time by their own Prime 

Alongside this news was the announcement that 
Ghana had become a member of the Organisation 
for European Economic Co-operation (O.E.E.C.) 
and that the Imports Liberalisation Plan which hail 
been cancelled the previous month as a result of 
Ghana's new status would now be applied as hereto- 
fore, thus enabling importers to buy cocoa from 
Ghana in the same way as before her independence. 

The last few days of April were eventful. Ghana 
was represented by an observer, Mr. F. S. Arkhursl, 
Second Secretary. Ghana Embassy, Washington, 
at a meeting of the Commission for Technical 
Co-operation in Africa south of the Sahara which 
was held in Lisbon. 

A seven-man trade delegation from Tunisia arrived 
in Accra to discuss with Government representatives 
the possibilities of a trade agreement. Mr. Ali 
Bannour, leader of the mission and head of Economic 
Affairs in Tunisia, declared: "We are prepared to 
make sacrifices to create the possibilities of trade 
exchanges between our two African states." 

The Government ofGhana established an Embassy 
in Washington and Mr. S. K. Anthony, Councillor of 
the Ghana Embassy, was appointed Charge d'Affaires 
pending the nomination of an Ambassador. Mr. 
Donald Lamm, the United States Charge d'Affaires 

Commonwealth Prime Ministers in Conference in London pose for a picture with the Queen. In it is Dr. 
Kwame Nkrumah who was the first Prime Minister of an independent African State to attend the Conference. 

in Ghana was reheved by Mr. Peter Rutter, former 
First Secretary of the American Embassy in London, 
who became chief of mission until the appointment 
of Mr. Wilson Flake as United States Ambassador to 
Ghana a few days later. 

But the greatest event of all was the announcement 
that the Prune Minister. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, had 
sent out invitations to the Governments of Egypt, 
Ethiopia. Liberia, Libya, Morocco, South Africa. 
Sudan and Tunisia for a conference in Accra during 
thesecondhalf of October,1957. This was the result of 
informal consultations with representatives of those 
Governments during the independence celebrations. 

Ghana was formally admitted full member of the 
World Health Organisation (W.H.O.) and was 
represented as such at the tenth meeting which began 
sittinc at Geneva on March 7 by a delegation of three 
headed by Mr. L. R. Abavana, then Minister without 
Portfolio and now Commissioner for North Ghana. 
The other two members of the delegation were 
Dr. E. Akwei, Chief Medical Officer, and Dr. P. M. J. 
Phillips. Principal Medical Officer. 

Ghana's applications for membership of the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund and the International 
Bank for Reconstruction and Development were 
reported to have been approved by the Boards of 
Governors of the two financial bodies in the early 
part of May and Ghana's membership would become 
effective after the necessary legislation had been 
passed by the Ghana Parliament and the Articles 
of Agreement signed by a representative of the 
Government. It was also reported that the Ghana 
Government was applying for membership of the 
International Finance Corporation. 

Sincere Congratulations 

The Government of Ghana could not invite the 
Government of Egypt to the independence celebra- 
tions because diplomatic relations between the United 
Kingdom and Egypt had been broken. After Ghana 
had become independent, the Prime Minister sent 
a note to President Nasser inviting the resumption 
of diplomatic relations. 

Under the new circumstances, the Egyptian 
President despatched a special envoy, Flis Excellency 
Abdel Meguid Ramadan, Egyptian Ambassador in 
Morocco, with a special message to the Prime 
Minister of Ghana which said, in part, "I wish to 
present the sincere congratulations, addressed by 
myself and my people, to you and your nation, 
testifying to the hopes and aspirations we entertain 
towards beloved Ghana." 

On June 3, during the Budget Session of the 
National Assembly, the Prime Minister, Dr. Kwame 
Nkrumah, made a statement on Ghana's diplomatic 
representation abroad in which he revealed that, 
during the first phase, Embassies and High Commis- 
sioners' Offices would be established in London, 
Washington, Paris, New Delhi and Monrovia. 
He said the High Commissioner's Office in London 
and the Embassy in Washington had been established 
and were in operation. 

In June, Ghana became the 7 1st member of the 
International Civil Aviation Organisation, one of the 
specialised agencies of the United Nations set up in 

Holding the Portfolio of the Ministry of Defence 
and External Affairs for the Prime Minister who had 
gone to London for the Commonwealth Prime 
Minister's Conference, the Minister of Finance, 
Mr. K. A. Gbedemah, made a major policy statement 
on Ghana's foreign policy when he was introducing 
two bills seeking appropriations for that Ministry. 

No power blocs 

Mr. Gbedemah told the National Assembly: 
"Broadly speaking, our attitude would be to co- 
operate with all friendly countries. In particular. 
Ghana will neither join any power blocs nor main- 
tain a blind policy of neutrality and non-alignment. 
We shall deal with each problem of world significance 
as it arises." 

Ghana created a greal impression in London, the 
heart of the Commonwealth, when her Prime Minister 
took his seal for the first time as a full member of the 
Commonwealth Prime Minister's Conference. Res- 
plendent in his traditional kente cloth, Dr. Kwame 
Nkrumah became the centre of attraction wherever 
he went. 

The success of the Conference and, in particular 
the value of Ghana's participation and the experience 
gained at the discussions were best summed up in 
his impressions which were published in 
Number 10 — 1957/8 of "The Scotsman's" 
monthly review "The Commonwealth". 

He said: "In June. I attended the Conference of 
Commonwealth Prime Ministers. Here we made 
history— the first African State to enter that great 
and free association of States stretching across the 
world and the first African Prime Minister to attend 
such a Conference. I have spoken elsewhere of the 
warmth of welcome from ihe Conference — in parti- 




cular the opportunity for establishing personal 
relationships with the other Prime Ministers and 
political leaders. 

"The experience of the discussions in theConference 
confirmed for me what we had always understood 
to be one of the strengths of Commonwealth associa- 
tion, namely, the free and frank exchange of views on 
terms of complete equality between member nations 
without in any way interfering with the independent 
action and policy in domestic and foreign affairs of 
member nations." 

Then amplifying the above summary of the spirit 
which pervaded the business of the Conference, the 
Prime Minister concluded: "The family relationship 
between members which we experience in this Con- 
ference and which brings together countries poles 
apart in race, religion, social background and domes- 
tic and foreign policy is an example of international 
association which should be supported for so long as 
it lives up to the standards of sound democratic 
principles and respect for the sovereignty of member 

Before Dr. Nkrumah left London on July 10 for 
the journey home to Ghana, he fulfilled a number of 
diplomatic and civic engagements of great significance 
to Ghana's new exalted status in the world. His 
luncheon engagement with the South African External 
Affairs Minister, Mr. Eric Louw, was the first meeting 
at ministerial level between the Governments of the 
two countries. He also had an audience with the 
Queen at Buckingham Palace. 

Able team of Scientists 

Ghana found herself on the world scientific map 
when her small but enthusiastic and able team of 
scientists joined ten thousand others of forty-one 
countries in the greatest all-out attack on the secrets 
of our Earth ever made by man in an 18-month 
period known as the First International Geophysical 
Year which started on July 1 to be ended in December 
this year. 

The main purpose of the I.G.Y. is to probe the 
mysteries of Earth's phenomena and to gather data 
according to plan and co-ordinated control. The 
research is planned to cover Earth's movements in 
space as affected by the gravitational attraction of 
other planets, Earth's atmosphere, the mysteries of 
the seas, the crust of the Earth, etc. 

The launching of the satellites and the Antarctic 
expeditions are all activities connected with the 
International Geophysical Year. 

The Ghana Government made available the sum of 
£15,000 to enable Ghana to participate effectively 
in the I.G.Y. programme and the money was spent 
in the installation of various scientific equipment 
some of which are reputed to be the only ones of 
their kind in the tropics. Elsewhere in this Review, 
Dr. A. H. Ward of the University College of Ghana 
contributes a brilliant report on Ghana's contribu- 
tions in various fields to world scientific knowledge. 

In pursuance of the Prime Minister's statement on 
Ghana's diplomatic representations of June 3, Mr. 
K. A. Gbedemah, Minister then responsible for the 
Prime Minister's Portfolio, announced that Mr. T. 
Hutton-MiUs, Acting High Commissioner in London, 
had been appointed Ghana's first Ambassador to 
Liberia. The Ghana Embassy in Liberia had already 
been functioning with a Foreign Service Officer as 
Charge d'AITaires. 

He also announced that Mr. J. B. Erzuah, then 
Minister without Portfolio, had been appointed 
High Commissioner to India and that a Foreign 
Service Officer had already been posted to New 
Delhi to establish the Office. 

August started with the despatch of a three-man 
Government delegation to Israel composed of Mr. 
Kojo Botsio, Minister of Trade and Commerce, 
(now Minister of State), leader, Mr. E. K. Bensah, 
Minister of Works, and Mr. N. A. Welbeck, Minister 
without Portfolio, (now Minister of Labour and 
Co-operatives). The purpose of the mission was to 
discuss with the Israeli authorities Government's 
plans for rural electrification, water supply and 

During the same month, another delegation — this 
time consisting of five members and led by the 
Minister of the Interior and Justice, Mr. Ako Adjei, 
visited Egypt. The mission had talks with the Egyptian 
Minister of the Interior, Mr. Zakaria Mohieddin, 
and studied the organisation of the police and internal 
administration including security in Egypt and the 

Towards the end of the month of August, Mr. 

K. A. Gbedemah, Minister of Finance, and Mr. C. T. 
Nylander, Minister of Education, left for Malaya 
to represent the Ghana Government at the indepen- 
dence celebrations of that country. The Malayan 
Government was represented at the Independence 
celebrations of Ghana. 

For tlie Ghana Finance Minister this trip marked 
the beginning of a number of one-man missions which 
conclusively established him as the most widely 
travelled Minister in Ghana. 

Travelling on to Europe from the Malayan inde- 
pendence celebrations, Mr. Gbedemah made 
a dramatic call for the revision of the United Nations 
Charter. Addressing 600 prominent statesmen, 
scientists, economists and international experts at a 
Congress of the World Association of World Federal- 
, ists at the Hague at which more than thirty countries 
were represented, he said : 

"The Police Force of the future world Government 
should not only avoid wars but should also prevent 
one nation from being suppressed by another, such 
as in Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa." 

Freedom without fear 

This declaration was in consonance with the pattern 
of Ghana's foreign relations which the Prime Minister 
had almost simultaneously enunciated in a major 
policy statement he announced in the Ghana National 
Assembly in Accra. Dr. Nkrumah had said: "In 
so far as it lies in our power, my Government intends 
to pursue in the international sphere a policy of 
exerting our influence on the side of peace, respect 
for the independence of other nations, the rights of 
all people to decide for themselves their own govern- 
ment and the protection of the right of all men to 
lead their own lives in freedom and without fear." 

The Finance Minister's main mission was to 
represent Ghana at the Commonwealth Finance 
Ministers' Conference to be held in Ottawa, Canada, 
in September which was initiated at the Common- 
wealth Prime Ministers' Conference held earlier in 

In the National Assembly, Mr. N. A. Welbeck, 
Minister of Labour and Co-operatives, moved that 
Ghana should accept membership of the Inter- 
Parliamentary Union which comprises some forty- 
nine countries and to be represented at its conference 
which was due to seat the following day until Septem- 
ber 19. The motion was adopted. But Ghana had 
taken steps to be represented by an observer, Mr. 
L.R. Abavana, then Minister of Agriculture, who had 
arrived in London to attend a three-day conference of 
the Cocoa, Chocolate and Confectionery Alliance 
and Mr. K.B. Ayensu, Clerk of the National Assembly. 

Ghana was represented at the 12th General 
Assembly of the United Nations which opened in 
New York on September 17 by a delegation led by 
Mr. Ako Adjei, Minister of Justice. Other members 
of the delegation were Mr. F. Y. Asare, Minister 
of Agriculture, Mr. I. J. Adomako-Mensah, 
former Member of Parliament from Ashanli, Mr. 
G. K. Amegbe, former Chairman of the Ghana 
Cocoa Marketing Board, and Mr. Ebenezer Adam, 
Chairman of the Tamale Urban Council. They were 
joined by Mr. Seth Anthony, Charge d' Affaires of 
the Ghana Embassy in Washington who, in his 
maiden speech delivered earlier at the 11th General 
Assembly of the United Nations, joined other nations 
in condemnation of the Soviet Union's part in crushing 
the Hungarian revolt. 

Elected full member 

AFTER the meeting of the Commonwealth 
Finance Ministers' Conference in Canada, 
Mr. K. A. Gbedemah represented Ghana as 
Governor on the Boards of Governors of the World 
Bank in the United States where he signed the Articles 
of Agreement of Ghana's membership of the World 
Bank and the International Monetary Fund which 
met from September 23 to September 27. 

Towards the end of October, Ghana was unani- 
mously elected a full member of the General Agree- 
ment on Tariffs and Trade (G.A.T.T.) at its 12th 
session which made her the 36th member of the World 
Trade Organisation. 

The G.A.T.T. Agreement gives automatic guaran- 
tees of most-favoured-nation treatment to member 
nations for the purpose of fostering free trade, but at 
the meeting Ghana's representative, Mr. N. F. 
Ribeiro Ayeh, Permanent Secretary to the Ministry 
of Trade, announced that it was the intention of his 
Government to invoke against Japan Article 35 of the 
Agreement which permits exceptions to be made in 
certain circumstances. 

Moses Danquah 

At a meeting of the United Nations Food and 
Agriculture Organisation held in Rome in the latter 
part of November, Ghana was admitted into full 
membership. Heading the Ghana delegation was 
Mr. F. Y. Asare, Minister of Agriculture. The 
organisation is concerned with the promotion of 
agricultural development among its member-nations, 
the dissemination of information about nutrition, 
food and agriculture and the provision of technical 
assistance in these spheres. 

Shortly after the conference, it was announced 
that twenty technical experts from the Organisation 
would arrive in Ghana during 1958 to put their 
services at the disposal of the country. 

It was further announced by the United Nations 
■ Department of Information that the United Nations 
Technical Assistance Board would be establishing a 
Field Office in Accra at the end of December. A 
senior official of the United Nations Secretariat, 
Mr. Wilfred Benson, who had been appointed to 
the post, arrived on December 20 to set up the Office. 
The job of the Field Office is to co-ordinate all the 
technical assistance that the seven United Nations 
specialised agencies would give under its expanded 

Ghana, by the establishing of the Office, became 
the 31st country to have a resident representative of 
the United Nations Technical Assistance Board. 

Meanwhile, Mr. Daniel Chapman who had earlier 
been appointed Ghana's Ambassador to the United 
States, became Ghana's Permanent Representative 
at the United Nations. 

Vanguard of our race 

Ghana was represented at the Commonwealth 
Parliamentary Conference which ended in New 
Delhi during the New Year. It was the first to be held 
in Asia and Mr. Archie Casely- Hay ford, M.P., the 
leader of the Ghana delegation which comprised 
Mr. K. O. Thompson, M.P., and Mr. J. D. Wireko, 
M.P., in a speech at the formal opening of the 
Conference, said: "We today stand in the vanguard 
of our race and, as India has its part to play in the 
leadership of Asia, so Ghana has its part to play in 
the leadership of Africa. Freedom to those who come 
from Ghana is no freedom, until every tribe and 
every section of the continent of Africa is entirely 

Ghana's High Commissioner, Mr. J. B. Erzuah, 
presented his credentials to the President • of the 
Indian Republic, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, at a special 
ceremony in New Delhi. The Ghana High Com- 
missioner was presented by Mr. M. J. Desai, Common- 
wealth Secretary in the Government of Igdia, who 
led the Indian delegation to the Ghana Independence 

At the tenth anniversary celebrations of Ceylon, 
Ghana was represented by Mr. Kofi Baako, Minister 
of Information and Broadcasting, and Mr. P. K. K. 
Quaidoo, Minister of Trade. They were accompanied 
by Mr. K. E. Amua-Sekyi, Assistant Secretary, 
Ministry of Defence and External Affairs. 

On February 19, Ghana became the venue of an 
international conference of the Commission for 
Technical Co-operation in Africa south of the Sahara 
which was attended by about fifty delegates. It was 
held to establish the Foundation for Inter-African 
Mutual Assistance (F.A.M.A.). The purpose of 
F.A.M.A. is to provide facilities in the field of 
technical assistance similar to those available to 
members under the Colombo Plan for South-East 

Towards the close of the year two countries 
conferred honours on the Prime Minister of Ghana, 
Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, for his work in liberating 

* Continued on page 32 


A Year of Progress 



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I cannot forget the pageantry and excitement in the 
National Assembly on March 6, a year ago, when 
our country was formally declared independent. 
Inside the Assembly Hall every available seal was 
occupied and outside, too, a dense and joyous crowd 
numbering many thousands, filled the tiered stands. 
On the Members' benches the glittering dalliance of 
"kente" clolhsof MPs emphasised the truly Ghanaian 
character of the occasion. The bitterness generated 
between the Government and the Opposition over 
the Constitution had evaporated without leaving a 
trace; both sides cheered the entry of their leaders 
without malice lo the other. The foreign visitors 
marvelled at the sudden transformation. 

In his motion for an address of thanks lo be pre- 
sented to Her Majesty on behalf of the National 
Assembly. Dr. Nkrumah, the Prime Minister, 
pledged that though the Constitution was not altoge- 
ther what he and his colleagues wanted it to be they, 
nevertheless, were accepting it as a reasonable com- 
promise. Dr. Busia. Leader of the Opposition, also 
promised that the Opposition were accepting it as a 
working compromise. Hopes of tranquility and co- 
operation were never greater. 

The first big debate in the Parliament ol Indepen- 
dent Ghana came on April 30 and May 1 and 2, and 
with it. the return of suspicion. It was the debate on 
the Ghana Citizenship Bill. Opposition members fell 
that Commonwealth citizens and people born in 
Ghana should automatically become Ghana citizens; 
the Government's reluctance lo allow this, they felt, 
had some sinister motives behind it. The Government, 
on the other hand, were of the view that only those 
whose parents, or at least one of them, arc themselves 
Ghana citizens could be more depended upon for 
loyalty to Ghana. 

Regional Commissioners 

Real anger became evident again in the House 
when the Prime Minister announced in the House on 
June 3, the dav before he left Accra for the Common- 
wealth Prime 'Ministers' conference in London, that 
the Government had decided to appoint Ministers 
to be resident in the Regions, with the title of Regional 
Commissioners. Mr. Joe Appiah, a leading member ol 
the Opposition, labelled these proposed representatives 
of the Government in the Regions "Regional Commts- 

The agitation by the Ga-Adangbe Shilimo Kpee 
echoed in the House in the form of persistent ques- 
tions and protests against the allocation of estate 
houses in Accra to Ministers, Parliamentary Secre- 
taries and other Members of Parliament. A tull-dress 
dedate on the whole question of the Accra estate 
houses was initialed by ihe Opposition in July. I lie 
Opposition appeared to be confident that many 
Government members, for once, appeared undecided. 
The up-shot of the debate was the appointment later 
by the Minister of Housing, Mr. A. E. Nktimsah, ol a 
Select Committee of the whole House to investigate 
the matter. . 

There was some Opposition concern when Mr. 
Kojo Botsio made a statement in June on the Govern- 
ment's proposal to establish a National Workers 

K. Y. ATTOH recalls the bitter battles that 
raged around the Ghana Citizenship Bill, then 
the "War of the Prime Minister's Head' , on 
the new Ghana Currency, the Deportations 
Bill, the Avoidance of Discrimination Bill, etc. 

Brigade. Later, on August 28, Mr. F. Y. Asare, then 
Minister of Labour and Co-operatives, introduced a 
motion in the House by which Parliament agreed to 
the proposal to establish a National Builders' Brigade. 
The Bill establishing the Builders' Brigade was passed 
in a heated debate in December. 

No one shed tears when Mr. Kojo Botsio, then 
Minister of Trade and Labour, announced in the 
House on May 2 that the Government had decided 
to liquidate the C.P.C. It appeared, indeed, that 
every one was relieved that this inglorious experiment 
had come lo an end. But Opposition tempers were 
exacerbated at the hint that the Government intended 
to transfer the plant and equipment of the C.P.C. to 
a marketing agency to be formed by the United 
Ghana Farmers' Council. 

June 21 saw Mr. S. D. Dombo, Deputy Leader of 
the Opposition, asking urgent questions on the new 
Ghana currency and coinage on which information 
had leaked thai the Prime Minister's head would 
appear. He also asked a question on the Prime 
Minister's statue. Tempers quickly rose as Mr. 
Kofi Baako, Minister of Information and Broad- 
casting, exchanged words with members on the 
Opposition benches. Having failed to get a definite 
answer from Mr K. A. Gbedemah, Minister of 
Finance, concerning the Prime Minister's head on the 
currency, the Opposition later introduced a motion 
on the subject on a later date and lost. 

There was criticism of the Deportation Bill by the 
Opposition during the second reading debate on 
July 2 and 3, but no one suspected then that when 
that Bill was passed into law it would be the cause 
of so much distress, bitterness and hatred. During 
the debate, the Opposition drew attention chiefly to 
two points: they wanted all persons born in Ghana, 
unless they otherwise preferred, to be Ghana citizens; 
this, they maintained, was the common practice 
in all civilised countries; secondly, they would like 
British citizens to be automatically Ghana citizens. 
In the view of the Government, British subjects should 
first apply for Ghana citizenship. As for people born 
in Ghana, unless either or both of their parents were 
Ghana citizens, they must be regarded as aliens. 

On the last day of the meeting, Mr. A. Afoko, 
then C.P.P. Member for Builsa, crossed the carpet 
and joined the Opposition.* 

The next meeting of Parliament began on August 

Sir Emmanuel Ouist, former Speaker of the 
National Assembly. 

Mr. A. M. Akiwurai, Speaker of the National Assembly 

20. The approaches to Parliament House were lined 
up by police and the building itself ringed round by 
more policemen. The Prime Minister was attending 
Parliament for the first time since his return from the 
Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference in 

Special Bill introduced 

Groups of young men and women with placards 
could be seen gathering behind the wall to the west 
of the House. There was nothing apparently different 
about this crowd from those which had stood at the 
same place and in front of Parliament House since 
1 95 1 to cheer the Prime Minister as he arrived for the 
Budget meeting or on any other big occasion. The 
House had already started business when the Prime 
M mister arrived in the court-yard, west of the building. 
Suddenly, a thunderous booing broke upon the 
speech being delivered by a Member. Placards wenl 
up denouncing both the Prime Minister and his 
Government. A large detachment of police was 
rushed to the spot and the demonstrators were 
chased away. 

Next day, the Prime Minister announced in the 
House that in view of the demonstrations the previous 
day, and growing hooliganism in Accra and Kumasi, 
the Government would introduce a special Bill the 
following day and would be carried through all its 
stages the same day, lo determine the deportation of 
Alhaji Amadu Baba and Alhaji Alufa Larden Lalemie 
without further delay. The Bill which was piloted 
through the House by the Minister of Local Govern- 
ment, Mr. Aaron Ofori-Atta, had the effect of the 
immediate deportation of the two men and stopping 
the proceedings they had instituted in the Kumasi 
Divisional Court to establish their Ghana citizenship. 
The debate on this Bill was one of the bitterest ever 
witnessed in the House. 

On August 23, Mr. Jambaidu Awuni, the N.P.P. 
Member for Kusasi Central, crossed the carpet from 
the Opposition and joined the Government back- 

The November meeting of Parliament was the most 
eventful of the year. Sir Emmanuel Charles Quist 
announced to the House on November 14 his re- 
tirement from the Speakership the same day on 
account of advancing years. Mr. Augustus Molade 
Akjjvumi, an Accra Magistrate, succeeded him the 
following day. Mr. J. R. Asiedu, C.P.P. Member 
for Akwapim North, was later elected Deputy 

Bills bitterly debated 

On November 28, the controversial Emergency 
Powers Bill was read for the first time. The debate on 
the second reading which took place on December 2 
and 3 was one of the bitterest the House has ever 
witnessed in the whole of its history. Another Bill 
which was debated with utmost bitterness was the 
Avoidance of Discrimination Bill which took place 
from December 9 lo 12. The Opposition resorted to 
filibustering to delay the passage of the two Bills; the 
Government replied by the guillotine and rushed the 
Bills through. 

This eventful year saw also the arrest and trial of 
two MP's, Mr. S. G. Antor and Mr. Kojo Ayeke, for 
alleged conspiracy to prepare to attack with armed 
force, persons within Ghana. 

The two MP's have since been sentenced to six 
years' imprisonment each. They have appealed. 

And thus amidst the sharp controversies, bitter 
recriminations and the hurly-burly of debate, Ihe 
Parliament of the new Nation passed through one 
year of active service to the Government and people 
of Ghana, with the promise of a more vigorous and. 
we hope, more useful service in the years to come. 

* As we go to press, it is reported Mr. Afoko has 
staged a dramatic recrossing back into his former 
fold.— ED. 





HEAD OFFICE: station road, accr a. PHONE 4 s^6 s> CARi p<; 



ANY review of the first year of Ghana's inde- 
pendence would be incomplete without survey- 
ing and assessing the work of the Press and of 
the men and women who operate it. Indeed, 
it would be insidious to omit to do so, because the 
Press constitutes the central machinery for the 
collection and dissemination of news of the day-to-day 
happenings of the year. 

In many important respects, the year turned out 
to be the most eventful for the Ghana Press. The 
Independence celebrations came as a challenge to the 
ability and resourcefulness of our pressmen who, 
along with their colleagues from abroad, gave the 
colourful and historic events of the celebrations the 
most impressive coverage ever undertaken in the 
history of the Ghana Press. 

Indeed, thanks to the excellent arrangements and, 
especially, theready facilitieslaidonby the Informa- 
tion Services Department under its Director, Jimmy 
Moxon, the Ghana Press gave an impressive account 
of itself and won the admiration of the hundreds of 
statesmen and other important dignitaries who had 
come specially for the celebrations. 

The Ghana Press Club provided occasion for a 
social get-together when they entertained members of 
the foreign Press who had arrived in Ghana to cover 
the Independence celebrations to a grand beach party. 

The Ghana Press Club recently held its election of 
new officers among whom are Mr. Martin Therson- 
Cofie, Editor/Director of the Daily Graphic, President, 
and Mr. H. E. Kjrchwehn, United States Informa- 
tion Officer and editor of the American Outlook, 

After the celebrations, the Press settled down to its 
normal functions. The Daily Graphic continued to 
dominate the Ghana newspaper scene. It had the best 
machines and equipment, the most efficient band of 
technicians and the finest team of writers, reporters 
and cameramen assembled under one roof in the 
whole of West Africa. If had a very efficient system 
of distribution. The result was a paper which enjoyed 
unrivalled popularity throughout the country. 

The same thing can be said of its sister paper, the 
weekly Sunday Mirror with a staff with the knack 
for circulation-boasting ideas. The Mirror annual 
beauty contest was conducted with success. Oscar 
Tsedze, the man responsible for the editorial content 
of the paper, never seemed to run out of ideas and 
the "Mirror Brotherhood" and the "Photo Club" 
became increasingly popular. 

A big blow 

The Mirror, however, suffered a big blow by the 
sudden death of Mrs. Hilda Addison whose "Personal 
Problems" weekly feature had become a source of 
happiness and hope to its thousands of readers. 
Luckily for the Mirror and its readers, their new 
columnist "Aunty Eva" is maintaining the high 
standards and tradition of her late predecessor. 

The Graphic suffered a serious loss in the deporta- 
tion of Bankole Timothy. Tim's views not- 
withstanding, he is one of the greatest writers 
of this era and in this area. His biography of the 
Prime Minister, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, the first 
book-length story of his life and career, has been 
acclaimed a world-wide success. By his departure, 
the Ghana Press lost one of its most colourful 

But the Graphic was soon to be struck by an even 
worse calamity. The entry of the Guinea Press started 
an exodus of reporters, cameramen and technicians 
from Brewery Road to Ring Road. Its journalistic 
ranks were further attenuated by the departures of 
Henry Ofori. now editor of Drum magazine, Moses 
Danquah, and, later, its ace reporter, Ben Dorkenoo. 
That the Graphic is still going strong, in spite of 
these, is evidence of the versatility of its staff and 
its efficient methods of training new personnel. 
I have known the Graphic, in times of strikes, 
come out as usual on a bare-bone skeleton staff! 

The editor, Mr. Martin Therson-Cofie, who 
celebrated his twenty-fifth year in journalism some 
four years ago was made a Director of the Ghana 
Graphic Company in April 1957 — a fitting tribute at 
a fitting lime (Independence year) to the hard work 
he put in to get the Graphic started amidst the bitter 
campaign against the so-called "white Press" and get 
it going to the top. 

The £400,000 African-owned Guinea Press made 
its much-expected debut later during the year with 
the Ghana Star, a weekly, whose publication was 
brought to an end on March 1 to make way for the 
Company's principal publication, the Guinea times — a 
daily. The Guinea Press has the finest factory in 
West Africa covering an area of some 40,000 square 
feet and possesses a large assortment of up-to-date 
machinery and equipment. It has a staff of 360 
Africans and nine expatriates. 

A Survey by 

The Editor 

The formal opening of the Guinea Press took place 
on Saturday, March 1. The ceremony which was 
attended by a large number of people including 
Cabinet Ministers, Members of Parliament and of the 
diplomatic corps as well as chiefs was colourful and 
impressive. The Prime Minister, Dr. Kwame 
Nkrumah, unveiled a plaque to declare open the 

On Monday, March 3, the Guinea Times made its 
debut under the editorship of Mr. Cecil Forde who 
had earlier acquired considerable popularity as a 
trenchant columnist of the former Government Party 
organ, the Accra Evening News, both when he was 
General Secretary ofthe C.P.P. and, later, Internat- 
ional Secretary of the Party. Almost simultaneously 
witli the appearance of the Times came the Evening 
News, edited by Mr. Eric K. Heymann of Accra 
Evening News and Ghana Evening News fame who 
was editor of the Ghana Star. 


Minister of Information and Broadcasting. 

In a speech delivered at the official opening of the 

Guinea Press on March 1, 1958, he said: "The 

press in Ghana is free and shall always remain free. " 

The Evening News has come to break fresh ground 
in the newspaper field, bridging as it does the 
"news-void" supervening one morning and the next 

It is a pity though that the Guinea Press had to 
discontinue their weekly, the Ghana Star, which was 
providing excellent material for week-end reading. 
Let us hope it will soon be revived. 

The Ghana Evening News continues under its old 
management, the Heal Press. Under its new editor, 
Mr. Abossey Kotey, a veteran journalist, a number 
of improvements are being introduced to give it a 
"new look". 

The Daily Mail, the child ofthe City-Independent- 
Express amalgamation, continues valiantly against 
the traditional weaknesses of finance, equipment and 
staff which are the bane of the African-owned press 
establishments. The editorial chair which was 
initially occupied by Mr. R. B. Wuta-Ofei, doyen of 
Ghana's pressmen and later by Mr. J. S. Kommey 
has got a new occupant in the person of Mr. Enoch 
Mensah of the old pen-pushing brigade. 

The doughty Ashanti Pioneer is still the most 
powerful political newspaper in the country. Casting 
in its lot with the Opposition, whatever its nomen- 
clature and composition, the Pioneer steered a steady 

course in policy. Samuel Arthur, the editor, assisted 
by Mr. John Dumoga (and "Brother Culture") 
maintains, through thick and thin, the traditional 
policy of the paper. 

In times of political crisis, the Pioneer makes 
enormous sales even in the capital with its near- 
plethora of publications. 

It got into trouble through legal involvement in the 
Colvin-of-the- London-Daily Telegraph case but was 
given a miss when the substantive case against Colvin 
was dropped. 

In Obuasi the Ashanti Times, the first so-called 
"white press" in Ghana, edited by Mr. Foli Armah, 
showed great improvement all round during the year. 
It would be recalled that the Times lost its ablest 
executives and other important members of its staff 
when they left Obuasi to establish the Graphic in 
Accra in 1950. B. C. Freestone, the first Fleet Street 
journalist to manage a local newspaper and thereby 
afford Fleet Street standard training facilities for the 
country's journalists, was one of them. He became 
the first Editorial Adviser of the Graphic. With him in 
the exodus was Mr. Martin Therson-Cofie, the editor. 

Just as the Graphic was able to carry on after those 
heavy losses in personnel, the Ashanti Times plodded 
on and is now a paper whose views are highly 
respected, even if one has occasion to disagree with 

The Times has taken on an entirely new appearance. 
New machines have been installed and there is 
evidence of the paper, in a very short time, becoming 
one of the best in-West Africa. Its new editorial 
adviser, Mr. Desmond Fennessy who has had 
experience in Fleet Street and in Australia, informs 
me that he has plans afoot to make it a weekly news- 
magazine — something of the London Observer 
vintage. When that happens, the Times will be able 
to increase its pages and carry more features and 
more pictorial matter. 

Objective news 

Of the other weeklies, mention must be made of the 
New Ghana published by the Ghana Information 
Services Department. In its present form it is a vast 
improvement on its not-so-worthy predecessors, 
including the "Here's-the-Truth"-tainted The Gold 
Coast Bulletin, devoting its columns to the publication 
of straight-forward objective news about Government 
policies and projects and other activities as well as the 
general efforts of the people themselves to contribute 
towards the betterment of their own communities. 

The New Ghana's special Independence and 
Independence Anniversary editions are masterpieces 
of sleek production and judicious choice of literary 
and pictorial content. 

In a similar category is the weekly American Out- 
look published by the United States Information 
Service. Started in April, 1952, its functions are: 

"To help West Africa understand the United States 
better by presenting all facets of American life and 
American policies and aspirations. 

"To develop friendly relations based on respect for 
the principle of equal rights and to create measures to 
strengthen universal peace." 

One outstanding feature of the Outlook is its 
consistent impartiality in presenting news and 
opinions about the colour conflict in the United States 
irrespective of whether the guilt was on the whites or 
on the negroes. It did also spotlight the achieve- 
ments of negroes, past and contemporary, in the 
American community— a fact of unique importance 
to the future of our new nation as it gives the people 
a useful source of inspiration and hope in their great 
task of fashioning a new society in this part of Africa. 

The editor since September 1957 has been Howard 
E. Kirchwehm. . ■, 

Perhaps the most outstanding religious publication 
is the national Catholic weekly, The Standard, printed 
at the Catholic Mission Press, Cape Coast. The 
acting editor. Fr. M. J. van Velzen, reports steady 
increase in circulation during the first year of inde- 
pendence. The Catholic Mission Press is installing 
a modern fast automatic press and the number of 
pages will shortly be increased from six to eight. 

Says t he acting editor: "Our task is to give especially 
to our Catholic readers Catholic news and informa- 
tion as well as articles of Catholic and religious 
interest." The paper further publishes articles and 
world news when "some religious or Catholic view- 
point is involved. Education, Health, Mass Education 
and Development are therefore some of the points 
which we usually deal with." 

The Vernacular Literature Bureau together with us 
branch at Tamale publishes eight vernacular news- 
papers. They are Mansralo, (G;D. Nkwantabisa (Fan- 
te), Akwansoscm (Akwapim-Twi). Nkwantabisa (Asan- 
te-Twi). Motabiala (Ewe), Kakvevole (N/ima), 
Lahahali Te Uxu (Dagbani) and Kasem Labaala 

* Continued on page 32 





By Dr. A. H. WARD 

Science the scientist 
scientific research I wonder what 

these words mean to most of our minds? A 
young man in a white coat, in a spotless laboratory, 
intently gazing at an impressive array of electrical 
meters ? A needle swings over— he rises and adjusts a 
knob on a complicated control panel and turns 
to an elaborate record sheet to make an entry 
another experiment completed ! 

This may be the popular view of a scientist, but 
we in Ghana are practical people, and our scientists are 
eminently practical men. They do not spend their 
time in gleaming laboratories, they are out in the 
field in the factories, on the farms out in the forest 
in Northern villages, beneath the cocoa trees, down 
on the sea shore, out in the weather observatories 
surveying the climate, the vegetation, the crops, the 
animal and insect life of our land, exploring the skies 
above us and the seas which wash 
our shores, making observations on which our 
future progress as a nation will depend.... 

Enlightened Policies 

Our economy has so far depended almost entirely 
on the cocoa tree; and over the years, the Research 
Institute at Tafo has improved the cocoa industry 
greatly, encouraging the planting of better types 
of tree and assisting in stamping out disease. 

But cocoa is not our only crop; at every Govern- 
ment Agricultural Research Station and at the 
Agriculture Departments at University College 
and the Kumasi College of Science and Technology 
the science of agriculture in West Africa is being 
built up from small beginnings. New crops are tried 
out in different soils and each year new knowledge 
is made available to the farmer, showing him which 
crops are most likely to give good yields in his area. 

Ghana s geographical position and enlightened 
policies may well mean that she will one day lead the 
world in tropical field studies, tropical agriculture, 
botany, zoology and preventive medicine. 

In another way too our position has been of advan- 
tage— the fact that Ghana lies near the equator has 
enabled her to make contributions of great value to 
the International Geophysical Year. 

This International Geophysical Year (I.G.Y.) is 
one of the most exciting scientific events of the century. 
All over the globe, scientists are making co-ordinated 
observations on all sorts of scientific subjects. 
Geophysics means the study of the physical world 
above and below us, the soil, the rocks, the molten 
interior of the earth, the air around us, the mysterious 
upper layers of atmosphere miles above our heads . . . 
Observations are made on the sea, on waves and 
tides and currents, and on the dramatic events of the 
geophysical world— earthquakes, volcanoes and 

The Ghana Government has taken up the challenge 
of this world-wide venture with enthusiasm, and 
thanks to their provision of funds and to the en- 
thusiasm of Ghana's highly-qualified scientists, it has 
been possible for the National I.G.Y. Committee of 
Ghana to work out an extensive programme of 
observations and experiment, with each" individual 
projects making a valuable contribution to the 
world-wide effort. 

Dr. Ward was educated at the University of 
Birmingham 1943 — 1949 where he obtained the 
B.Se. and Ph.D. degrees. He was attached to 

N the "Atomic Energy Research Establishment, fc 

^ Harwell", in 1949 and was appointed physicist § 

fc to the Finsen Institute Radium-Hospital Labora- ^ 

^ tory in Copenhagen for the "Atomic Energy J 

^ Research Establishment" till 1951. ? 

| He joined the Ghana University College as fc 

§ Lecturer in 1951 and was subsequently promoted ? 

i Senior Lecturer. ^ 

^ His main interests are radioactivity and ^ 

^ atomic power and the International Geophysical § 

fc Year of which he is secretary of the Ghana & 

S committee. S 

fc Dr. Ward attended two international con- § 

fc fercnecs on Radioactivity during the 1957 fc 

^ vacation (Pretoria in July and Paris in Septem- fc 

^ her) and at both read scientific papers on results § 

> of radioactivity research carried out in Ghana S 

^ during the last five years. 


Let us look briefly at a few of these projects. At 
Kumasi an elaborate instrument stands with aerials 

turned upwards to the sky. What is it What 

can it be doing'.' Ii is an electronic echo-detector, and 
it measures the height above the earth of the electrical 
air layers known as the ionosphere. These are of vital 
practical importance because all long-range radio 
has to be reflected by it; it is of particular" interest 
here above the blue skies of Ghana because of the 
presence of mysterious disturbances known as 
electro-jets. The origin or these is quile unknown, 
and Ghana's observation will help solve this important 

Again, at the Meteorological stations and at 
Kumasi College, instruments are analysing the 
brilliant sunshine of Ghana; from the results, details 
are obtained of the type of atmosphere traversed in 
the long journey to the earth's surface. 

At University College, more aerial arrays turn 
upwards. One set has been "listening in" for three 
years to the radio waves which come from outer 
space, and some very important results have recently 
been obtained. 

Another set has just been completed, and this has 
picked up most successfully the "bleep . . . bleep . . . 
bleep" of the Sputniks hurtling throuah space 

hundreds of miles above our heads; from details of 
these records, more valuable information on the 
equatorial ionosphere has been obtained, and even 
better details are expected from the analysis of 
American satellite records.* 

At Takoradi, a wave-recorder is being set up 
which will make its contribution to the world-wide 
problem of waves and tides. And waves in our 
"stable" earth . . . ? The terrible earthquake waves 
loo are being measured by extremely sensitive detec- 
tors, capable of detecting the earth waves from 
shocks in any parts of the world, and perhaps able 
to help predict when another earthquake might 
strike Ghana. 

Yes, and many other projects— precision measure- 
ments of the earth's electric, magnetic and gravita- 
tional forces, and of the "cosmic rays" bombarding 
the earth from outer space; reports from ships' Cap- 
tains on sea-currents and temperatures and salinity; 
important measurements on evaporation of water by 
the Meteorology Department, and many other scienti- 
fic investigations. 

...The whole picture makes us proud of Ghana's 
achievements in science during her first year of 

*The Americans launched another satellite "Explorer 
111" on Tlunday. March 27. Thirty minutes after it 
had been launched at 6 p.m.. it was picked up by the 
Ghana observatory.— Editor. 

Rev. Dr. John R. Koster in charge of the radio astro- 
nomy observatory at the University College of Ghana 
which has been tracking the earth satellites. 



At the radio astronomy observatory scientists have 
been tracking the earth satellites. Sputnik 1 is no 
longer in orbit, and Sputnik His no longer transmitting 
radio signals. But the two American satellites are 
still being detected. "Explorer" has now completed 
over 600 passages over the meridian of Ghana, and 
the more recent "Vanguard" nearly 70. Accurate 
determinations of the time of transit are sent to the 
tracking centre in Washington. Interesting informa- 
tion about the electrified layers high above the earth 
is also being obtained from the satellite observations. 




rllE need for a steady flow of overseas investments 
has long been felt by Government and people 
alike in this country. This need has been brought 
into greater prominence and urgency since Ghana's 
attainment of independence and Government's State- 
ments of policy in this regard have been further re- 
terated and under lined. 

In his Statement on Development which he made 
to a hushed and anxious House on Thursday, February 
20 this year, the Prime Minister announced: "In order 
to stimulate development in the private sector of our 
economy, my Government is now considering new 
measures designed to encourage overseas investments 
in Ghana, and also to assist our local investors. We 
have recently brought to this country several experts 
in the field of foreign investment, and we hope that 
we will gain materially from their suggestions. 

"It is my Government's intention to stimulate 
overseas investment by establishing an Industrial 
Promotion Division which will initially operate as 
a branch of the Development Commission." 

The Prime Minister mentioned that there is already 
in existence an Interim Board which "will facilitate 
the handling of enquiries and proposals from private 

In the years immediately preceding independence 
and. particularly during the year under review, an 
appreciable star i was made in the sphere of investment 
and the following survey of the entire field which is 
here reproduced from "The Scotsman's" Monthly 
Review "The Commonwealth" Number 10 — 1957/8 
provides a useful general conspectus of what has been 
achieved so far and a pointer to the future. — EDITOR. 

THAT there are opportunities for investment 8 
in industrial and commercial developments in 
Ghana is evidenced by recent events as well as 
by history. Britain's early connection with the Wes/ 
African coast was by way of trading and barter 
operations, and this process has evolved through 
the years. 

With the independence of the country, however, 
parrronage has given way to partnership. That it is 
the Government's policy to do everything in its 
power "to encourage the establishment of new indus- 
tries in Ghana, especially those connected with the 
processing of local materials, was emphasised by the 
Minister of Trade and Labour in introducing the 
1956 — 1957 Estimates for his Ministry. 

In a statement on Capital Investment made by 
the Prime Minister in 1954, Dr. Nkrumah stated 
that there was scope for the establishment of many 
new enterprises and that foreign investors would 
require assurance about the conditions which would 
apply to their investments. 

He went on to explain why the Government 
attaches importance to the policy of training African 
employees for eventual promotion, but recognised 
that in industry the criterion must be that of efficiency. 
The Prime Minister said that the Government would 
be willing, when approached, to participate in enter- 
prises which could be shown to be economically 
sound but that it was not normally proposed to 
regard Government participation as mandatory. 
Dr. Nkrumah gave assurances about nationalisation 
and the repatriation of foreign capital and profits. 

Field of Industrialisation 

It is interesting to examine against this background 
what has been done in the field of industrialisation 
in Ghana. 

Old established industries are those connected 
with mineral production. Gold bullion to the value 
of £6 million was exported in 1939, diamonds to 
the value of half-a-million pounds and manganese 
worth three-quarters of a million pounds in the 
same vcar. While gold production has increased by 
no more than 50 per cent by value during the post- 
war years, diamonds and manganese were worth 
respectively £8 million and £7 million in 1956. 

The actual quantity of gold exported however has 
been less than in 1939 and the rise in value is due to 
a higher price. In the case of diamonds and manga- 
nese, the quantity exported has increased substantially 
in addition to the price rise. 

An industry which has made tremendous strides 
in the post-war period is the Ghana timber trade. 
From a trickle of mahogany logs pre-war, Ghana 
sawmills now supply more than any other country 
of Britain's sawn hardwood requirements, and it is 
estimated that £10 million of British capital has 
been invested in this industry alone since the war. 

Overseas and local industrial investment is spread 
over a wide field of activities. A brewery established 
by Swiss business interests over 20 years ago has an 
average of annual production of just over 1 million 
gallons— about a quarter of Ghana's beer require- 
ments. A cigarette making company, a subsidiary of 
British American Tobacco Company— established in 
1953, has since 1954 been producing cigarettes from 
a blend of Virginian and local tobacco. Its products 


Reproduced from "The \ 
\ Scotsman's" Monthly Review, \ 

Number 10 — 1957/8 


are competing favourably with imported cigarettes. 
A subsidiary of a British Tyre Equipment and 
Reconditioning Company established in Kumasi in 
1955, is steadily expanding the reconditioning of tyres, 
tubes and rubber manufactures of every description. 
A Coca-Cola factory started production early in 1956. 
Brisk trade done over the year has justified expansion 
of production to several times its present si/e. 
Several establishments exist for the manufacture of 
other soft drinks. Lebanese capital is heavily invested 
in the bakery trade and other foreign capital in the 
production of Terrazzo products. An American 
company— the Guir Oil Corporation is engaged in 
oil exploration in Western Nzima in the Western 
Province of Ghana. 

A factory for the production of industrial gases 
has been established in Takoradi by a French company. 
Other industrial projects about to He set up by foreign 
private enterprise include a factory for the production 
of plastic household and other goods, a confectionery 
making establishment, a factory for the manufacture 
of prefabricated concrete products and factories 
for the manufacture of metal products such as metal 
windows, doors and metal fitments for buildings. 

Government investment in industry is at present 
channelled through theGhana Industrial Development 
Corporation which operates through a number of 
wholly-owned subsidiary companies as well as 
through several associate companies in which it has 
a 50 per cent shareholding or less. 

Industrial enterprises promoted by its wholly- 
owned subsidiary companies include a laundry 
and dry cleaning establishment which serves an 
increasing public in Accra ; a sawmill whose monthly 
output in 1956 averaged some 21,000 cubic feet of 
sawn timber; a furniture and joinery establishment 
which turns out high quality household, office, 
school and shop furniture for consumers all over 
the country. An establishment for the manufacture 
of wire nails which had an average monthly output 
in 1956 of 60 tons; a factory producing prefabricated 
timber housing sections situated in Kumasi. heart 
of the timber producing area of the country; a 
modern electric bakery in Accra; two companies 
which have just been formed to undertake the 
manufacture respectively of matches and of soap 
and another company to undertake the management 
of the newly built Government 100-bedroom luxury 
hotel in Accra. 

Companies in which the Industrial Development 
Corporation has a minority shareholding are engaged 
respectively in vegetable oil extraction and refining, 
tyre retreading, aireal surveys, and road haulage. 
Future projects of the Corporation include invest- 
ment in a company to produce biscuit *and in an 
engineering company. 

Under the Pioneer Companies Relief Ordinance, 
Government may declare any industry which is not 
being carried out in Ghana on :. scale adequate to 
the economic needs of the country and for which 
there is. in its opinion, favourable prospects for 
further development, to be a pioneer industry and 
any specific product of such industry to be a pioneer 

Pioneer Companies Relief consists of exemption 
from tax on profits for a maximum period of five 
years; but smaller relief, which may involve a limita- 
tion of (a) the period of the relief, or (b) the amount of 
the relief by reference to the amount of capital 
invested or in any other way which the Governor- 
General-in-Council may think fit, may be granted. 

Industrial Expansion 

Losses incurred by a Pioneer Company over the 
whole of its tax holiday period are carried forward 
and se'. against subsequent profits. 

Only companies incorporated and resident in 
Ghana are, however, eligible for pioneer concessions. 
Pioneer status has, so far, been accorded to nine 
companies undertaking the manufacture of cigarettes; 
the manufacture of wire naiis; the manufacture of 
bricks and tiles; the extraction and refining of 
vegetable oils; the manufacture of biscuits; the 
manufacture of confectionery; the manufacture of 
metal products and the manufacture of matches. 

The opportunities for industrial expansion in 
Ghana have been examined in some detail and 
Professor Arthur Lewis of Manchester University 
prepared a careful analysis in 1953 under the title 
"Industrialization and the Gold Coast". In 1956 
appeared a "Report on Trade and Investment 
Opportunities in the Gold Coast" by the American 
authors Richardson Wood and Virginia Keyser. 

A great deal remains to be done. But the Ghana 
Government has been engaged during the past five 
years on a well conceived Development Plan under 
which nearly £100 million has been spent to improve 
and expand Government services and public 
utilities, including ports, roads and railways, ihus 
providing a sound basis for future industrialisation. 
The country needs investment, particularly in the 
field of light engineering, and this is a sphere in which 
there is considerable scope. 

In i he context of major industries, short of the vast 
Volta River hydro-electric project, there arc fewer 
immediate opportunities, but it is perhaps to the 
good that the country should progress through 
experience in pilot enterprise to larger scale develop- 

* The Biscuit factory, the Pioneer Biscuit Co. Ltd., 
has since been established in Kumasi in partnership 
with Messrs Edward Nassar & Co. lid. and is in full 

This is the new U.A.C. Motors at Tamale. The building which 
cost the Company £50,000 was opened during the latter part of 1957. 
It provides all the facilities of a modern workshop for vehicle owners 
in the North— a useful contribution to industrial development in that 

vast and virgin area. 





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MOSES DANQUAH reports on some — 


UNDER Ihe stimulus and direction of the 
Department of Social Welfare and Community 
Development, good progress was made in the 
field of literacy and self-help activities throughout 
the country during the first year of Ghana's indepen- 

During the year, the literacy drive achieved suc- 
cesses which can only be described as spectacular and 
everywhere, throughout the country, more and more 
people came forward to contribute their share to the 
task of providing such amenities as feeder roads, 
communal buildings, water supplies, latrines, markets 
and other miscellaneous items of communal develop- 
ment — all rich and lasting monuments to the nation's 
achievement of independence. 

During the year under review, 17,462 literacy 
certificates were issued making a grand total of 
130,000 since the beginning of the campaign in April, 
1952. A total number of 24,332 women passed 
through the women's classes for Home Economics 
throughout the country. 

No less than 1,210 self-help construction projects 
were completed in the rural areas among which were 
66 feeder roads. 150 communal buildings, 472 latrines, 
170 water supplies and other miscellaneous projects. 

Instructional know-how 

Women in the rural areas had the opportunity of 
learning domestic science under a scheme which has 
been acclaimed by experts as one of the best in the 
world. Indeed, the syllabus of work in Home Econo- 
mics drawn by the Department has been published, 
with acknowledgement to the Ghana Government, 
by the Colonial Office,.London, for use in Ihe colonies. 

In a modest way, it could be said that Ghana 
supplied expert aid in the form of instructional 
know-how in this particular field to the United 
Kingdom Government. And, in a more direct sense, 
the "Department gave assistance during the year in 
technique and organisation to the Government of 
the Western Region of Nigeria in carrying out 
community development activities in that area. 

The Department was also asked by the Roman 
Catholic Church to train its priests in community 
development as part of the social work of the Church. 
Already, one priest has arrived from Nigeria to take 
the course and two more are coming from Tanganyi- 
ka—all evidence of the reputation of a sound, 
purposeful programme yielding quick and useful 
results to the people among whom it is applied. 

The facilities made available to the Roman Catholic 
Church are there for all interested Churches to avail 
themselves of anytime they wish to do so, I am told. 

Extension service to other Government depart- 

A technical officer of the Department of Social Welfare in charge of the construction of the Apapam- 
Akropong road shows the writer the difficulties of forests, ravines and mountains which the people of the two 
villages have to overcome in order to realise their objective. 

ments included cocoa campaign for the Department 
of Agriculture, Roof Loans scheme for the Ministry 
of Housing, assistance to the Department of Rural 
Water Supply in well digging, Health campaign for 
the Ministry of Health. 

The Department conducted a special mines health 
campaign as industrial welfare in mining .areas. 
This campaign has proved of inestimable benefit to the 
people of the mining areas. The Mass Education 
Mines Health Team has applied the most modern 
techniques to teach the need for and methods of 
maintaining clean habits and conditions in their various 
communities. At Konongo, the team had to go 
down into the pits to instruct the miners. 

Young farmers had the opportunity of learning 
farming methods at practical courses run by the 

A modern motor-road comes over the densely forested mountain ranges to Apapam. Soon 
the final three miles will be completed and Apapam will be linked by an eight-and-half-milc 
motor road from Akropong, opening up a rich field for economic exploitation— the prize of keen 

and vigorous communal self-help. 

Department at Kwaso. Rural builders' courses 
designed to teach the construction of simple, cheap 
and healthy houses in the rural areas were run by the 
Department in Kwaso, Tamale and Ho. 

What are the reactions of the rural people to these 
remarkable improvements in the social life of their 
communities? When I asked the Director of the 
Department, Mr. P. du Sautoy. this question in his 
office recently, he said promptly that the effect was 
invariably one of joy and pride in personal and 
communal achievement. The people are filled with 
satisfaction of having contributed with others in the 
supply of much-needed amenities in their own areas. 

He instanced the case of the people living around 
Lake Bosomtwe in Ashanti. By the construction of a 
motor road from the Bekwai area to the lake, the 
people brought into their experience, and for the first 
time in that area of primeval seclusion, the sound of 
(he motor engine which brings them nearer to the 
people around them and the things they need from 
the bigger towns beyond their own confines. 

Mr. du Sautoy said communal development 
through voluntary self-help, what the Americans call 
"development of the grass-root level", is a fascinating 
activity because the people can see the result of their 
own efforts and his Department, therefore, believes 
in tackling projects which have a strong self-help 

Activity and achievement 

The Builders' Brigade, that great scheme of the 
Government to help solve unemployment, is pending 
the establishment of a Board to manage its affairs, 
being run by the Department. Since it assumed 
responsibility on November I. last year, the Brigade 
has made good progress and has now a complement 
of 350 in Accra who are at present engaged in the 
construction of their headquarters and another 100 in 
Damongo in Northern Ghana who are doing yam 

The Department rendered useful service in the 
Frafra Resettlement Scheme and is also building 
through self-help school buildings throughout the 

The Afram Plains road project is being tackled 
with vigour and has already aroused the interest and 
enthusiastic support of the people in the area. Proof 
of this is the fact that as many as 96 voluntary workers 
have come forward from the small village of Man- 
krong and its neighbourhood to help in the construc- 
tion of a "Bailey Bridge" across the River Afram. 

The year has been one of activity and achievement 
all round. 




The sending into outer space of the first Sputnik 
set the countries in the West thinking again: 
were their educational systems as soundly 
based as they had thought, they asked themselves. 

The Russian leadership in the exploration of 
space caused many a heart-searching in other matters 
of national planning. How are we in Ghana in the 
mailer of educational provision ? 

To make good the leeway, huge chunks of the 
national revenue have gone into the development 
and expansion of formal education in all its aspects — 
primary, middle, secondary, technical, teacher- 
training and university. And yet. to say thai much 
more remains to be done is to put it mildly. Our 
country is still only ten to fifteen per cent educated. 

An independent Ghana can hardly take comfort in 
a situation as depressing as that. In order to raise 
the standard of living of the people as a whole, to 
man the several tasks which no other but ourselves 
can tackle best, and, in fact, to make democracy work 
at all in the country, it behoves us to reach out in 
unorthodox directions so that we may salvage 
our people from ignorance and superstition. 

Informal Education 

We can take pride in knowing that, more than has 
been done by many a so-called underdeveloped 
country, we in Ghana have already got to grips with 
the enormous problem of education at its less formal 
levels as well. Not only is Adult Education firmly 
established, but it is widespread and world-renowned. 
Many countries have sent mass educationists to 
study the methods and administration of our mass 

Informal education through the churches, the 
political parties, trade unions and community 
centres — this has been very lively during the year. 
Above all, as an apex of our adult educational 
structure, there is what in some counlries is 
called University Extension Course, or, in Britain 
and Ghana, University Extra- Mural Studies. 

In a country like our own where the ordinary man 
is more important than the "uncommon" man, where 
the responsibilities of running a modern democratic 

i & y i 

■ G. Adali-Mortty 


: Regional Organiser, Institute of Extra- \ 
■ Mural Studies, University College of Ghana. "• 

" , ■■■,■■•!■■ B 

state are thrust upon the shoulders of a literate 
minority, the work of Adult Education can be even 
more important than formal education itself. In a 
country like this, the adult population who mean- 
while have to hold the fort need and deserve every 
strengthening which training and education can give 
them. The adults must be equipped to hold and pass 
on the torch to the succeeding generations. If today's 
adults fail, then there will be no nation or tomorrow. 

To do better fishing, to farm more efficiently, and to 
live more cleanly and satisfyingly, our illiterate folk 
must be supplied with the basic tool of adding 
and writing. This is what mass education is trying 
to do. To do the job quickly and effectively, mass 
education must be revitalized: must be launched again 
as a matter of urgency, as a mailer of national 
survival. It is "Operation Necessity". It must have a 
target date within which to wipe out illiteracy in this 

And what of those who have had some education ? 
Lest the little they learnt at school slipped back, and 
in order to build upon their school education, to 
keep them up-to-date and continually burnished, 
these people have an opportunity of attending while 
they work the evening University classes which are 
held in most towns and villages in Ghana. 

Once a week, the loneliness — intellectual and social 
loneliness — of the village clerk or teacher is broken : a 
graduate lecturer comes in. He brings news from the 
town and from beyond the seas. He links his class 
with world thinking. The atmosphere is academic. 
Mind rubs against mind. Students are helped to 
think and think hard. Fresh knowledge is gained; 
old knowledge is examined and brought up-to date. 
The range is less, but the quality is that of inlra-mural 

There is none of us who is so learned that he must 
not continue to learn. The Institute of Extra-Mural 
Studies, University College of Ghana, provides 

facilities for continuous education for the working 
man or woman. 

Beginning in 1949 with a total of 46 classes of 
varying periods of attendance, extra-mural classes 
have spread throughout the country, including 
Northern Ghana. Now, there are some 150 classes of 
twenty weeks' duration. Each class consists of about 
twenty students. The subjects cover a wide range: 
language and literature, studies in politics and govern- 
ment, economics, history, geography, the arts, trade 
unionism, religion and philosophy and, the last to 
come but now one of the most popular, international 

Extra-Mural Studies are organised with the help 
of the People's Educational Association (P.E.A.) — 
an association of adult students. The P.E.A. is non- 
sectarian, and non-political. It is democratic and its 
officers are elected annually. It has national, regional 
and branch units. 

Other forms of similar serious Adult Education 
exist. The In-Service training scheme organised by 
the Department of Recruitment and Training is 
doing a first-class job in vocational training. Under 
the sponsorship of the trade unions, the Workers' 
Educational Association provides trade union 
education for its members. 

Residential Courses 

In addition to systematic classes, various forms of 
informal activities are undertaken. Week-end 
Courses on topical matters, One-Day Schools at 
which a number of lecturers present opposing points 
of view, public lectures and discussions, and a 
number of residential courses the most important of 
which is the annual ten-day New Year School which 
is held in the first weeks of January. There may be as 
many as fifteen seminars, each dealing with an aspect 
of a general theme. Over three hundred adult 
students attend this School. 

In this way, year by year, the people in towns and 
rural centres help themselves and are helped to 
understand themselves, their own and others' 
societies, and thus leaders and potential leaders of 
voluntary organisations, and local and central 
government, are equipped for leadership. 








Box 2274. ACCRA - TEL. 3372. 





Al Jm ^m WLm {j&a»pi B&9 The Ever y ,11an Theatre Guild, after a lapse of ' 

^^ Wmt ^^ ■& MA I BwE ItI ^T MlB sprung into to give us least two 

B— !■ ^L^ ■ ■ I J^V I S W II Iki I «i verv entertaining plays: "Dial M for Murder" and 

^^ . ^^ "Little Lambs Eat Ivy". 

It is said that visitors to any country are 

more likely to gain a truer insight into the people's ,„. ■■>■■■>. Kl/»" "" Various similar groups all over the country are 

natural characteristics by observing how they J *"V doing their best to fill in the gap in our national 

entertain themselves than by any other means. y-^i-^^ni ■ entertainment created by the lack of the theatres and 

If this statement is true then visitors to Ghana HENRY OFOR full-time theatrical companies and artistes. It is in 

since March 6 last year must have found us a very i i_i n i\ i v^ ^w i\ ^ p^cyi-jr sec tj on of entertainment that I see 

happy people inspite of our political teething troubles. Editor of " DRUM " the birth of a truly Ghanaian contribution to world 

The last year has seen much deliberate effort *••••■•» ••••■••••••■•■■••••■•••■•••••••■•••# entertainment. 

being made by individuals as well as groups of . , . ,. ....', 

people to provide a means of recreation for the poems and plays have certainly won the admiration Night spots for dancing in Accra, and I should 

citizens of this new nation. of many Ghanaians. suppose for other parts of the country, are like the 

Like any other place on earth, entertainment in The introduction of the new feature "Ghana proverbial phoenix bird. They die and surprisingly 

Ghana differs from place to place. On the whole we Theatre" has perhaps done more to interest people spr j n g up in a comparatively short time under newly 

can safely say that entertainment in the smaller in the radio programmes than any other feature at acquired names. It is in this field of entertainment 

communities inland has not attained the same the moment presented by the Broadcasting System. tnat the owners of such concerns have shown very 

standard as that in the large urban areas like Accra, In the larger urban communities, the cinema ii lt i e imagination. In effect, the same sort of things 

Kumasi and Sekondi-Takoradi. This situation is of business has certainly outstripped all other forms of happen in all the night clubs dancing. Very 

course to be expected, for we happen to be in a country entertainment in Ghana. With substantial financial ]j tt | e has been done as regards putting new life and 

where this venture is left almost entirely in the hands backing, big cinema concerns like M. Caplan, colour into the nature of things. The past year in 

of individuals who want to make a living out of it. Globe and The West African Pictures Company tn j s f orm of entertainment has seen very little floor 

And of course such businessmen find it much easier (owned by the Industrial Development Corporation or ca baret shows, though there are many girls who 

to conduct their affairs in places where the population of Ghana) have brought much pleasure to the people are willing to earn a living by this means, 

is large, for the returns are encouraging. with pictures like the Russian version of "Othello , 

c „ ».„,.„„„ "Julius Caesar", "The Cruel Sea" and "The Fallen . 

small troupes Idol >. In fact> the string of very good films tnat nave Ghanaian ballet 

Entertainment in the rural areas has been so far been shown here in Ghana has far exceeded any for , . 

provided by only a few concerns like the Government the same period during the last decade. , Buddv Pl P s efforts during the Independence 

cinema vans which occasionally visit small settle- The rate at which the cinema houses are springing celebrations to produce a typically unanaian oallet 
ments to show films of instructional and entertain- up in Accra is so fast that it is not an over-statement were very heartening although it seems, owing to 
ment value. What has characterised the past twelve to say that, very soon, every quarter of Accra will difficulties the project has not been able to survive, 
months as regards entertainment in the rural areas is have its own cinema house. There are at the time of N ° w > Ber yl Kankan, who has lived tor the greater 
the increase in the number of small troupes of writing fourteen picture houses in Accra. P art of " er llfe ln the world ot entertainment in 

comedians like the Bob Cole Trio, Kakaiku's Band Britain, has managed to get a troupe of dancers 

(which features guitar music and comical displays), going. This is perhaps the most heartening thing to 

the Akan Trio and the many others. Dramatic groups happen in this field within the last twelve months. 

Scarcely does a day pass without a reader seeing Beryl herself is a first-rate dancer and though she 

an advertisement in the local papers announcing the Four of these have sprung up during the last does not at the moment take part in the acts of her 

"storming" of a village or town by one of these groups twelve months. Who knows? Perhaps next year troupe of dancers, I have complete faith that her 
of comedians. by thistimeoftheyearfourmorewouldhaveappeared. enthusiasm in this form of entertainment will sustain 

To augment the two above-mentioned forms of The cinema houses have of course dominated the the troupe for a very long time, 
entertainment for rural areas the Broadcasting field of entertainment in the large towns, but this has .... 

Sy tern ofGhana in he past year has performed f been so because the proprietors had the money to _, Thelast twelve months saw a desperate bid by many 
v$ Commendable servfee £ their programmes order, the films and also" build the cinema houses, dance bands to remam mac tive service Except for a 
broadcast from Accra. Radio artistes who perform Relatively speaking, for very little effort on their own, few like Blackbeals and Red Spots which have 
in either the variety programmes or plays in the they have achieved much for the public. The laurels, (sometimes with much difficulty) been able to maintain 
various languages are now as well known to the however, in the entertainment world, must go to the their positions at the top, most of them have suffered 
listener in Tamale as they are to those with whom little voluntary organisations which, with very little very crippling misfortunes. They have themselves 
hey live in the same household in Accra. capital but with lots of tenacity, determination and to blame. What most dance bands here don^ realise 

The Broadcasting System, apart from promoting devotion, have given entertainment in Ghana a much js ! that the sound of the band is much more important 
interest in local culture, has done more than any higher status than has ever been achieved in this than the number of riew scores that they can play in 
single Government Department in providing interest- field of our national life. each repertoire. The decline ,n he dance band business 

ing and entertaining features in the leisure hours of In this respect, I speak of the amateur dramatic « allied of course to the decline m the night dub 
our fellow countrymen in the rural and outlandish groups like the British Council players who last year business, for without the night clubs I wonder how 
areas of Ghana. gave us no less than four very good plays: "Present many dance bands in Ghana can survive for three 

In the "Singing Net" programme many people Laughter" in April, "Julius Caesar" in May, "My months, 
have come to realise that Ghana is not in the least Three Angels" in August and "She Stoops to 

lacking in literary talents. Albert Kayper Mensah's Conquer" in December. Much to be (lone 


Ghana was very privileged to have the first-rate 
American Jazz outfit — Wilburn de Paris' New 
Orleans Band during the independence celebrations. 
There is at least one good thing that such famous 
outfits from across the ocean do when they visit 
Ghana .... our musicians and light music fans 
realise that there are standards very much higher 
than have been attained by our own dance band 

With the independence celebrations also came the 
group of artistes from Britain .... the High Speed 
Variety entertainment. Though the standard of the 
actors cannot be said to be very high, at least to 
Ghana it was something new . . . something that we 
ourselves can easily add to our forms of entertainment 

Late last year Ghana had her first view of a circus 
show. In fact, to many people in this country it was 
the Moreno circus that gave them their first opportu- 
nity of seeing a live lion and leopard ... yet both these 
animals inhabit the land on which we live. 

To complete the record, mention must be made of 
the Chinese acrobatic troupe which invaded the 
Accra entertainment world during the Independence 
Anniversary celebrations featuring no less than 50 
artistes, with a full-dress orchestra thrown into the 
bargain. Chang Tieh-Sheng and his party created a 
wonderful impression. 

There is much left to be done in the field of enter- 
tainment in Ghana. What most people with more 
than enough money on hand don't realise is that 
money made from show business is more assured 
than that made from trade; and I would that more 
people will invest their money in the various forms of 
entertainment, for unless this is done we shall never 
achieve much in this field of human activity. 

The British C otmcil Players' presentation of the comedy " Present Laughter " by Noel Coward, produced by 

Marion Grant 1-inal curtain— From left to right : — Geoffrey Stockell, Jean Clarkson, Bunny Bunce, Joan 

Cheeseman, Paul Gotch, Betty Bathurst-Brown, Willie Conton, Marion Gotch, Kwesi Brew, Jill Carter. 

After the successful presentation of the play the bouquets were handed up to the leading ladies. 



AT Independence on March 6, 1957. actors in the 
theatre of the arts in Ghana consisted of 
traditional bodies such as craftsmen and 
drummers, Government Departments of Agriculture, 
Vernacular Literature, Museum, Information, Film 
and Broadcasting, the United States Information 
Service, Educational institutions such as the Univer- 
sity College and the schools, the religious institutions, 
fetish groups, social organisations such as the British 
Council, the Ghana Arts Council (Interim Committee), 
the Ashanti Cultural Centre, the Ghana Society 
of Artists and the Industrial Development Corpora- 
tion. They all featured well in the Independence 
Celebrations and have been active since then. 

Among the traditional bodies, the Gonjas, Dagom- 
bas, Kusasis and Nanumbas celebrated their annual 
"DAMBA" festival to commemorate the birth of 
Mohammed. In September the Lobis celebrated their 
annual harvest festival, "KOBENA". and, in Decem- 
ber, the Dagarti and Sesaala began their youth 
swearing-in ceremonies with the commencement of 
their annual festival "BAARE" during which the 
adolescent youth are initiated into adult life. 

At the same month, the Waala who had spent their 
annual little harvest festival "KYISON" in October, 
celebrated their great festival "DONGO", while the 
Dagarti brought their thanksgiving festival "BAG- 
MAAL-DAAN" which began in March to an end. 

Outstanding feature 

At all these festivals, traditional drumming and 
dancing were the outstanding feature. In Ashanti and 
Southern Ghana the "AGOROMA" (traditional 
drumming and dancing group of the Ashanti Cultural 
Centre) have been busy teaching traditional drum- 
ming and dancing to both Africans and Europeans 
who have been attending their functions, while in the 
Eastern Region the Akwapims and Akim Abuakwas 
celebrated their "ODWIRA" and "OHUM" festivals. 
In January, 1958, agricultural exhibitions organised 
by the Agriculture Department were staged in Lawra, 
Zuarungu and Bawku. In all these shows, craftsmen 
in Northern Ghana showed some of their best pieces 
and their natural love for gay colour showed itself at 
best in the raffia baskets, hats and mats. The Ghana 
Arts Council (Interim Committee) which is barely two 
years old has in this first year of independence forged 
ahead and is becoming a household word. 

Through its six regional committees, it has been 
organising in all the regions Art and Craft exhibitions, 
traditional costume displays, choral competitions, 
native games and miniature "ODWIRA" festivals and 
installation of chiefs. It has also sponsored the forma- 
tion of a Ghana Writers' Society and the organisation 
by Ghana Society of Artists of a national exhibition 
of art in connection with the first Ghana Indepen- 
dence Anniversary Celebrations. It was also respon- 
sible locally for thecollection, cataloguing and crating 
of the Ghana exhibition which was staged by the 





Head of the Art Department 

of Achimota School, 

Hon. Secretary, Ghana Society of Artists. 

Ghana Information Services at the Imperial Institute 

It is to be recalled here also that the Arts Council 
was responsible for the traditional drumming and 
dancing at the Accra Sports Stadium which brought 
an "Asafo" group from Mankesim, "Fontomforom" 
drummers from Aburi and an "Asonko" group from 
Larteh in the Akwapim hills to Accra. 

The British Council too has not been idle. In the 
regions and in Accra it has been active all through the 
year producing plays with casts composed of Euro- 
peans and Africans. It has. on its record, the presenta- 
tion of "Present Laughter" produced by Marion 
Gotch in April, 1957, "Julius Caesar" produced bv 
Helen Simpson in May, 1957, "My Three Angels" 
staged in August and "She Stoops to Conquer" in 
December, 1957. It also organised, jointly with the 
Ministry of Education in Accra, the 1957 Ghana 
Schools Art Exhibition. 

National stock-taking 

Apart from these organisations, certain individuals 
deserve special mention in a national stock-taking 
of Ghana's one year of existence as a free nation. Mr. 
Ephraim Amu of the Kumasi College of Technology 
who, for the past twenty-five years, has been compo- 
sing music and doing research into Ghana's indige- 
nous music, has all through the Independence Year 
been working hard at his research, and developing on 
some traditional flutes of Ghana. 

Mr. J. H. Nketia of the University College 
author of the "Akan Dirges" and other books, 
apart from broadcasting songs he has composed 
himself, has been collecting material on the traditional 
poetry of this country and using them in his lectures. 

Mrs. Efua Sutherland, upon whose hopeful dreams 
a.Wnters' Society is gradually coming into being in 
Ghana, has all through the year been working hard 
towards staging a Writers' exhibition. Mr. Philip 
Gbeho, ihe Arts Council Chairman and composer of 
Ghana's National Anthem, has maintained a tradi- 

A section 

of an All-Ghana Artists' Exhibition of paintings, sculpture, traditional and broadloom marines 
carvings and state umbrellas held at the Accra Community Centre recently. The Exhibition attracted 
a large number of spectators. 


tional drumming and dancing group which has to its 
credit some fifteen performances at the British 
Council, Ambassador Hotel, the University College 
and other places in the country. 

While working as a busy medical practitioner, 
Dr. Oku Ampofo has, during the year, been always 
ready to submit pieces for any exhibitions organised 
by either the Ghana Arts Council (Interim Committee) 
of which he is an active member, or the "Akwapim 
Six", a lively group of artists resident in the Akwapim 
State. It is to be recalled that Dr. Ampofo was 
himself the founder of this group. 

Mr. David Kimble, the Director of the Institute of 
Extra-Mural Studies of the University College of 
Ghana, is to be commended for the facilities his 
Department provides at the end of its New Year 
Schools for Ghanaian traditional music and dancing 
to be staged before respectable and appreciative 
audiences such as the last one which took place at the 
open-air theatre of the Commonwealth Hall, Legon 
in January, 1958. He always wins a soft mark of 
credit for the University College which otherwise 
would have been a terrible loss to Ghanaian artists for 
failing to include in its list of subjects departments a 
school of fine art. 

The hidden gem 

Deserving of equal mention is Mr. Henry Swanzy 
Senior Programmes Officer of the Ghana Broadcasting 
System, who has, all through the year, been compiling 
poems written mostly in English by Ghanaian authors 
for publication into what is expected to be the first 
anthology of Ghanaian poems. Much as his achieve- 
ment is praise-worthy, it would be a sad dereliction of 
duty if one omitted to venture the remark that such 
a book would have had a greater value and made a 
deeper impression if these young writers had been 
encouraged to express their poetical inner-selves in 
their vernacular instead of in English. 

But the mental pain inflicted by this paradox be- 
comes more excruciating when one comes to think 
that when Ghana decided to carve and erect her 
Prime Minister's statue and paint his portrait in her 
first year of independence she did not give her young 
artists the chance of even a trial. 

Nevertheless, one can only expect a crab to give 
birth to a bird in a country of a highly nationalistic 
people which has, on her own accord, chosen to 
nurture her infants on the dehydrated milk of English. 
But, of course, it is true that one cannot make a perfect 
judge of one's own time and, maybe, history will be in a 
better position to unfold the hidden gem of this 
paradox to which Ghana has elected to subject 
herself in her first year of freedom. 

In conclusion, may it be the prayer of Ghana at the 
close of this first year of Independence that all her 
artistic efforts may grow from strength to strength 
with their roots firmly entrenched in her own tradi- 
tions; for, the greatest strength in the arts of any 
nation lies in her people's ability to find vitality in the 
traditions of the dark and hidden past of their 




THE history of Ghana Amateur Sports Council 
bocs lack to 1948 when the idea was conceived of 
SUM*- body which would devote l ime though 
and energy to the promotion and development of 

^iS^'^eTby the Government ^ 
in 1952 an Ordinance was passed bringing into being 
he Ghana Amateur Sports Council which ^charged 
with the duty of "promoting, encouraging, d eve loping 
and controlling amateur sport" in this land of ours. 
The period of planning and developmeii is not yet 
over for the Ghana Amateur Sports Council, but 
great progress has been made and future prospects 

'° thfcouncil now has a lirst-class Stadium which 
serves as its headquarters, and is the national sports 
centre for the whole country; besides, it is well suited 
for outdoor ceremonial occasions, and provided the 
venue for various functions connected with the Celebra- 
tion of Ghana's Independence in 1957. 

The famous English soccer player, Stanley Matthews, 
cBt., attracted tiie biggest crowd ever recorded to 
see him demonstrate his skill and charm in one of the 
best games ever seen when he played for Accra Hearts 
of Oak against Kumasi Kotoko in May. This was 
followed in October by an even greater crowd which 
thronged the Stadium to see Ghana held to a draw by 
the Nigerian team, each side scoring three goals. 
Then United Nations Day was observed with pomp, 
and there was a massed Church Service organised by 
the Christian Council in connection with the Inter- 
national Christian Conference held at the University 
College, Legon, in December. 

There arc two grandstands at the Stadium, the one 
in the west has a covered stand with an uncovered one 
immediately below it and, on a level with this and 
to the north and south, and forming one semi-circle, 
are two sets of concrete terraced steps known as 
North and South Wings which provide seating 
accommodation. - ,™«_J 

The East has the new Stand which has a seating 
accommodation of 1,000 and towers above the centre 
of a semi-circle of terraced steps for standing spectators. 
This eastern half is capable of further development as 
the new grandstand is designed to permit of extensions 
in the standing area. The ultimate capacity of the 
Stadium will be 20.000. . . 

Beside spectator accommodations, there are changing 
rooms with lockers for men and women athletes, and 
showers; also canteens and limited amount of dormitory 
accommodation for visiting teams. 

The Sports Council works mainly through the 
various national Sports Associations affiliated to it, 



P. D. Quartey, Jr., 

Secretary of the Ghana Amateur 
Sports Council 

and these Associations are solely responsible for the 
»nu arfeit on and development of their particular 
Dopuiarisaiiui )cnt an( j con trol of all that 

KwiH "h" 8 Ttey are all affiliated to their 
respective International Sports Federations, and, in 
thaf way? bring Ghana into the field of world sport. 

Sir Leslie McCarthy 
welcoming Dr. Kwame 
Nkrumah to one of the 
Sport events at the 
Accra Stadium. On the 
left is the late Major 
M. K. N. Collens whose 
sudden death in Britain 
later in the year came 
as a big blow, as well as 
that of A. H.R.Joseph, 
affectionately known as 
"Pa Joe", to Ghana 

There are also regional sports Associations which 
arc affiliated to the national Sports Council and 
exist to promote and develop sport in their respective 
regions, doing on a regional basis what the national 
Sports Council does for the whole country. These 
regional Associations are still in their formative 
period, but they ought soon to justify their existence 
and win recognition and assistance from our new 
regional administrations. 

The Ghana Amateur Sports Council has been 
fortunate since its early days to have as its Chairman 
Sir Leslie M'Carthy, who has been ably assisted by a 
large number of sportsmen of all races. They have 
all given their time and energy freely to see that the 
Council is firmly established to carry out its work of 
promoting and developing sports in Ghana. 


By "Sportsman" 

THE Accra Gliding Club has made considerable 
progress during the year. Formed through the 
enthusiasm of a few members, the Club has 
today achieved results in performance, membership 
and equipment that are beyond the expectaUons of 
its originator, Mr. P. G. Burgess of Sir William 
Halcrow and Partners, who is its secretary. 

Gliding as a form of sport lias aroused considerable 
interest in sports circles. Its novel and unortho- 
dox nature has not failed to arouse the curiosity of 
those who get the opportunity , of wa clung [the 
members being launched into the an; in a P'^e ..which 
soars like a bird without the aid of any 
engine or other mechanical contrivance. 

The first glider was bought from the contributions 
of a few enthusiasts and. afier a few mishaps due to 
damage in packing and delivery, it came into use ^in 
May." H is a two-sealer craft and carries a trainer 
and a learner. . , , ,u a 

The flying site, situated in an ideal area in the 
Shai Hills, was given free lo the Clubby the Manche 
of Prampram, Nene Annorkwei, who is patron ot 
ihe Club. The tow car which launches the plane 
info the air was sold to the Club by the United 
African Company of Ghana almost lor a song. 
Colonel Skelton of the Ministry of the Interior 
tells me that the Club which is not quite one year old 
has made good progress all round. A syndicate 
formed by members of the Club have purchased a 
second craft, a sail-plane, which can remain for long 
periods in the air under good conditions, thereby 
giving opportunity for qualified gliders lo improve 
on their performances. Recently, flying time ol 
81 minutes was achieved in the new craft as against 
65 minutes in the old one. * . 

The Club has done over 1,500 flights since its 
first craft took the air in May and six of the members 

Left to Right : Mr. Braithwaite ; Mr. Peter Bird ; A young enthusiast ; Mrs. Mitchell ; Mrs Sniee ; 
Mr Ronald Smee; Mr. Norman Foreman; Mrs. Tiede ; Mr. Carl Tiede; Lt. Col. Skelton; Mr. Frank 

Handscomb and Mr. Stewart Mitchell. 
who had joined with no previous experience are now 
gliding solo. 

Membership is increasing steadily but there is 

certificates of competency lo successful members 
of the Club. 

[V| t IllL'tl 31 tip lO llivivuunie -»™ ~..j — — - 

room for more members. Colonel Skelton is particu- 
larly anxious that Ghanaians should take interest 
in gliding as ii is important ihat a new nation like 
ours which is planning lo have its own air fleet 
should have its own pilots. Gliding, he says, makes 
people air-conscious and this is a vital prerequisite 
lo efficient airmanship. 

The Accra Flying Club is affiliated to the British 
Gliding Association of which the Duke of Edin- 
burgh is a keen member. The Association issues 

Further information can be obtained from the 
Secretary, care Colonel Skelton. P. O. Box 1 U5,Accra : 

* A flying time of 2 hours 19 minutes has been re- 
ported since litis article was written. The first cross- 
country flight from the Accra Gliding Cltth was made 
on Sunday. March 23 by Mr. C. Burgess, the Cluej 
Flying Instructor, in the new Spatz Sailplane. The flight 
was over a triangular route from Afienya. via /.a»'fa»- 
vaw, Dodowah and back lo Afienya, a total distance 
of approximately 36 miles. The time taken to cover 
this circuit was 2hrs. 2mm. — ED. 




VIEWED from Ihe point of international competi- 
tions, sport during the first year of Ghana's 
Independence was one of almost complete 
failure. In the six annual competitions against Nigeria, 
our national teams were victorious at hockey and 
gained some partial successes at table-tennis and 

But it is not altogether right to think of Ghana 
sport in 1957 in terms of these competitions alone. 
Outside the playing fields, a number of successes 
were achieved, outstanding among which was the 
settlement of the long-standing dispute which had kept 
Ghana football several years back. 

In Ihe month of Independence, Ghana's representa- 
tive cricket team failed in their annual fixture against 
Nigeria. The team was out-played in every depart- 
meni of the game by the Nigerians who gave a most 
impressive display of sound batting, accurate bowling 
and tight fielding to gain a well-deserved victory. 

Following this defeat, our athletes succumbed to 
Nigeria at Ibadan, losing the team championship 
trophies for both the men and the women. 

Meritorious Performance 

But here, Ghana had the consolation in the out 
standing individual performances of some of her 
representatives — performances which bore marks 
of the useful training that visits to this country by top- 
ranking American athletes had enabled them to 
receive. R. M. Garber and R. A. Kotei both jumped 
6ft 6ins. to take first and second places respectively, 
beating the two crack Nigerian jumpers who had 
made their impression in previous Olympic and 
Commonwealth Games. 

The success of Yeboah in the shot-put was another 
meritorious performance from unexpected quarters. 
Our girls too, although losing, showed promising 
form, especially in the sprints and the 80 yards 
hurdles which was won by Helena Quartey-Papafio. 
Indeed, as it turned out, it was lack of experience 
which finally made them lose. 

Mid-way through the year, Ghana received another 
shock in boxing. Attu Clottey, our most accomplished 
welterweight boxer, whose non-title fights had 
inspired great confidence among boxing circles here 
and in Britain, again failed to win the Empire welter- 
weight title, losing on points to the holder, George 
Barnes, in Australia. 

This was Clottey's second defeat by Barnes. 

At home, boxing made little progress in Accra but 
enjoyed much popularity in the Regions. 

Four boxers returned home from overseas — Abe 
Quartey, Nye Ankrah, Sani Armstrong (who later 
returned to the U.K.) and Andrews Martey; but of 
those who remained to campaign in the United 
Kingdom, Aryee Jackson created the greatest im- 
pression and was nominated a contender for the 
Empire featherweight championship — an honour 
which the Nigerian, Hogan "Kid" 'Bassey.held before 
he won the world title. 

Peter Cobblah and Tommy Tagoe also showed 
promise and were rated within the top 15 in their 
respective weight divisions. 


\ / r X 

\ Edmund Bannerman j 


Radio Ghana Sports Commentator 

The highlight of the year, however, was the visit 
to Ghana of Hogan "Kid" Bassey to box an exhibi- 
tion with the Ghana champion. Skipping Gilbert. 

Among the amateurs, there was little activity in ihe 
capital but one or two tournaments in the Regions 
kept the sport going. 

To offset this series of defeats and inactivity came 
the settlement of the long-standing football dispute 
which had plagued the sport to the point of confusion 
and deadlock. 

At the start of the year, soccer was in a dilemma. It 
was being organised with an air of indifference and 
the atmosphere prevailing in its administration was 
by no means serene. 

The National League instituted the previous year 
had collapsed. A number of local football associations 
had withdrawn from the Ghana Amateur Football 
Association to form another national association 
and these two jockeyed for position to control the 

Peace Returns 

While the "crisis" continued, an event took place 
which changed the whole aspect of football in this 
country and which will, no doubt, go down in the 
annals of Ghana soccer. 

The energetic and resourceful executive of the oldest 
and one of the most popular football clubs in the 
country, Accra Hearts of Oak, invited to Ghana the 
world-famous Blackpool and England international 
footballer, Stanley Matthews, to take part in a series 
of matches as their guest-player. 

Matthews was seen by nearly 100.000 people in all 
his matches here and his genius did a lot to improve 
the standard of many of Ghana's footballers who 
played for and against him. 

But the Matthews visit did more than that. In- 
directly, it brought a more peaceful atmosphere which 
aided in ihe final solution of the "crisis" in football. 
The Ghana Amateur Sports Council appointed a 
committee of inquiry under the chairmanship of 
Lt. Col. F. Patridge, the then Director or Posts and 
Telecommunications, and their report and recom- 
mendations led to the two associations merging into 

As Ghana's footballers prepared for the annual 
international encounter with Nigeria, the hockey 
group stole the limelight. Under a capable adminis- 
tration, their representative team travelled to Nigeria 
and won all their matches, including the international 
match against the Nigerian national side. 

It was the sixth victory of Ghana against Nigeria at 
hockey so far and Ghana emerged from the series of 
defeats to her one major international triumph. 
Then came the soccer international matches against 
Nigeria and Sierra Leone. A strong team had been 
selected under the auspices of the newly formed 
Football Association to meet Nigeria and, later, to 
tour Sierra Leone. In the Nigeria encounter, at the 
Accra Sports Stadium, the Ghana team held their 
opponents to a draw, each side scoring three goals. 
At one stage, defeat was imminent but a final effort 
in the closing moments of the game enabled Ghana 
to share the honours of the day. 

In Sierra Leone, the Ghana team acquitted itself 
well, winning all the preliminary matches — three in 
all — and finally defeating the home representative 
team by two goals to one. 

The other sporting events were the table tennis and 
the lawn tennis encounters with Nigeria which took 
place in Lagos. Both ended disastrously for Ghana 
but the Ghana team won the table tennis trophy, the 
Azikiwe Shield, for the first time in six years only to 
fail in the West African championship contests which 

But the most humiliating defeat of the year was to 
come. Although acclaimed to be the strongest set 
available, our lawn tennis players had nothing to offer 
against Nigeria and, for the first time in the history of 
these annual fixtures, lost by the wide margin of 12 
matches to one. 

To crown Ghana's first year of independence in 
the field of sports, the Amateur Boxing Association 
brought Jack Roy, Britain's top coach who was res- 
ponsible for the preparation of the successful British 
Olympic team of 1956, down for a period of six 
months. The Football Association also employed the 
most widely travelled coach in the world, George 
Edward Ainsley, a former Sunderland and Bolton 
Wanderers player, on a contract for two lours. 

The West German Government too, very kindly, 
awarded scholarships to four Ghanaian sportsmen 
— two footballers and two athletes — to study coach- 
ing at the Sports University in Cologne. 

These and many other things to follow, indicate 
that the gloom that decended upon Ghana sports in 
1957, was only the darkness before dawn. The at- 
mosphere is becoming clearer now and Ghana sports 
can now look forward to prosperity. 

The beginning of the first anniversary year, 1958, 
brought encouraging signs of revival and progress! 
especially for the Football Association which, under 
its new national chairman, Mr. Ohene Djan. organised 
two very successful competitions— the Independence 
anniversary regional competition for the coveted 
Prime Minister's £250-Silver Cup which Ashanti 
finally won by defeating Eastern Region by four goals 
to two and the "Aspro Cup" competition in which 
eight of the country's top teams look pan. The final 
will be fought out on March 30 at the Accra Sports 
Stadium between Kumasi Kotoko and Accra Hearts 
of Oak. (Kotoko beat Hearts 4-2— ED.) 

:rov:-:y ■>:•::* Wv 

The late A. H. R. JOSEPH 

His death was one of the saddest events 
of the year. 

Stanley Matthews, the soccer maestro in action, playing for his guest-club, Accra Hearts of Oak , 
against Kumasi Kotoko at the Accra Sports Stadium. 







General Secretary, 
United Ghana Farmers'' Council. 

The United Ghana Farmers' Council, the only 
country-wide farmers' organisation in Ghana, 
educated and inspired the" country's farmers 
to give their unflinching support to the Convention 
Peoples' Party— the vanguard of the struggle for 
Independence! to achieve independence for Ghana. 
The Council did so because it felt that it was only 
under the leadership of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah and 
his Convention People's Party that our dear country 
could achieve independence in the shortest possible 
lime. ■ . , 

\s soon as Ghana became independent, the United 
Ghana Farmers' Council decided to fight relentlessly 
against the adverse standard of living and economic 
servitude which the country's farmers have suffered 
for a long time. It was fell that the hands of the 
Council could be strengthened to engage itself 
successfully in this struggle when il is accorded an 
official recognition by the Government. The Govern- 
ment was approached on this important issue and 
now the Council enjoys recognition. 

To make good use of this official recognition in 
promoting the economic well-being of the country's 
farmers, the Council has established three Depart- 

(1) The Publicity and Education Department. 

(2) The Agricultural Development Department and 

(3) The Marketing Department. 



(a) To control a Propaganda Unit which shall 
disseminate the views and agricultural policies 
of the Government, the Cocoa Marketing 
Board, the Agricultural Development Corpora- 
tion and the United Ghana Farmers' Council 
to farmers. 

(b) To organise and supervise the Council s monthly 
Magazine called "The Modern Ghana Farmer. 

(c) To educate farmers on how to make their 
estimates within their annual income. 

(rf) To educate farmers on efficient grading ot 
cocoa and how to produce good quality cocoa. 

O) To arrange with the Film Unit and the Informa- 
tion Department of the Government to give 
regular public Agricultural Film shows through- 
out the country. 

(a) To concern itself with Ihe supply of agricultural 
machinery: e.g., spraying machines, machines 
for threshing and hauling rice, machines lor 
maize shelling, machines for dusting and 
storage of maize; also incubators, etc. 

(b) To organize demonstrations of the use of such 
machines all over the country so as to inspire 
farmers to use them when and where practicable. 

(c) To foster diversification of agriculture by 
making experimental farms of new commercial 
crops such as castor plants, potato, soya beans, 
etc., and inspiring farmers to grow them. 

UD To make experimental farms of cocoa in the 
cocoa-growing areas and adopt modern methods 
for farmers to copy. . 

(e) To arranee farmers to attend all agricul ural 
shows which the Department of Agriculture 
might organize. 

m?<\ : 

Martin Appiah-Danquah at work in his Accra office. 


This department has two sections. They are: 

(1) The Ghana Farmers* Marketing Association 
Ltd. and 

(2) The United Ghana Farmers' Council Agency. 
The Ghana Farmers' Marketing Association Ltd. 

deals with the marketing of cocoa and the United 
Ghana Farmers' Council Agency deals with the 
marketing of coffee, palm kernels and any other 
crops which the Agricultural Development Corpo- 
ration exports. 

It is planning with the Agricultural Development 
Corporation to organize the marketing of local 

It is the policy of these two marketing organisations 
to adopt co-operative marketing principles. 

The Council held its first post-Independence Annual 
National Delegates' Conference on December 15 
last year at Sunyani. The Conference evinced the 
spirit with which the country's farmers were expected 
to shoulder the responsibility which independence 
places on us. Among the many important resolutions 
passed were the following: 

(1) That the General Secretary should write to 
the Prime Minister, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, 
and his colleagues to congratulate them for 
leading the whole country to independence 
and wish them success, best of luck and 
many years' stay in office. 

(2) That the United Ghana Farmers' Council 
should offer its sincere thanks to the Govern- 
ment for its official recognition of the Council 
and also to reaffirm the Council's unflinching 
support for the Government. 

(3) That the Government should discourage 

forthwith the growth of any type of Amazonian 
cocoa in Ghana. 

(4) That the United Ghana Farmers' Council 
be affiliated to the International Federation 
of Agricultural Producers, an international 
farmers' organization. 

(5) That the United Ghana Farmers' Council 
should engage legal advisers at the expense 
of the Council to advise farmers, free of 
charge, in solving their legal problems in 
order that unnecessary litigation might be 

(6) That the Government be requested to im- 
plement t h e recommendations of the 
"NOWELL REPORT" in the light of the 
present economic consciousness of the 
country's farmers and that all cocoa buying 
agents should be ordered to stop operations 

(7) That the existing Co-operative Ordinance 
should be amended to make it possible for 
the Ghana Farmers' Marketing Association 
to be registered under the Co-operative 

(8) That farmers and their dependents should 
give abundantly to the C.P.P. Appeal Fund. 

The Council resovled to affiliate with the Inter- 
national Federation of Agricultural Producers, 
because as Ghana is anxious to take its proper 
place in the comity of nations, it is fit and proper 
for its officially recognised farmers' organisation to 
join the International Farmers' Organisation. 

As we take stock of the achievements of the 
Farmers' Council during this first year after Indepen- 
dence, we can proudly say that the Council has 
achieved a lot and is even more determined to press 
forward with greater vigour to bring prosperity and 
security to the farmers of our new nation. 


By "'Businessman'" 

IT is the declared policy of the Government of 
the new stale of Ghana to encourage and loster 
the development of such industries as would 
bring mutual prosperity to investors and the people 
of this country. And when such industries are 
established in the spirit and letter of partnership ot 
capital and management, the Government is particu- 
larly anxious that every facility possible should be 
given to ensure success. 

During the period under review, there have been a 
few notable examples of such undertakings taking 
the field in Ghana, especially in the small-scale 
enterprises which all the authorities agree are most 
suited to the peculiar circumstances of such a young 
and relatively under-developed country such as 
Ghana. . 

One such industry which was established in Ghana 
during the first year of Ghana's attainment to indepen- 
dence is the Ghana Manufacturing Company Limited 
which manufactures articles in great demand in every 

home in the country. 

Travel bags, "zipp" bags, plastic buckets, hand 
bags, brief cases, school satchels, etc. These articles 
which are made from imported plastic sheetings and 
canvas are manufactured in Accra and are rapidly 
finding their way into all parts of the country. The 
African staff of about twenty-eight were specially 
trained locally by the Company's manager, Mr. J. 
Philippi who has been in the trade all his life. 

Thus African labour have acquired a new skill and, 
judging from the excellent work produced so far, there 
is every indication that, given the requisite training, 
Africans can be expected to take (heir full share in 
other manufacturing industries when they do come 

Both Ghanaian and expatriate investors are confi- 
dent of the future of this type of industry in Ghana and 
are going ahead to introduce more and more up-to- 
date machinery. In fact, more machinery are on order 
and are expected to arrive and be put into operation 

shortly. When that has been done, the Company's 
production will be stepped up to between 40 to 50 
per cent, of its present output. 

The processes of cutting the material used in making 
the articles, making, machining and finishing are 
wonderful experience which the Ghanaian personnel 
are daily gaining as more and more up-to-date 
machinery and techniques are introduced to meet the 
demands of an ever-increasing market. All this augurs 
well for the future of small-scale industrialisation of a 
community which is traditionally agricultural. 

With the wild enthusiasm which samples shown in 
Nigeria have evinced in that great, insatiable market 
there is every confidence that when export conditions 
become favourable, Ghanaian plastic goods will 
invade the markets of the countries of West Africa 
which have hitherto been the unchallenged preserves 
. of plastic goods bearing the ubiquitous labelling: 
"Made in Japan" and "Made in Hongkong." 





of the "Sunday Mirror" 
reports on the Beauty 
Contests of the Year 

For a long time to come, March 6, 1957. will 
remain abstract to a vast majority of Ghanaians 
who are unable to read and write. Nevertheless, 
Ghana's attainment of independence will yea ply 
be brought closer and closer to their hearts — the 
hearts of that unfortunate section of the nation's 
citizenry — through the medium of the national compe- 
titions for the title of "MISS GHANA" which rages 
through the district, regional and national levelsT 

These hectic processes of competition and selection 
to the increasingly enviable crown of the nation's 
most beautiful woman is destined, for a very long 
time to come, to play a major and abiding pari in the 
annual celebrations of the anniversary of the achieve- 
ment of independent nationhood. Thus the name of 
Miss Monica Amekoafia, MISS GHANA 1957, will, 
for many years to come, remain a concrete reminder 
of our constitutional achievement and a subject of 
great historical significance to a large number of our 

This forecast is amply borne out by the feverish 
national excitement which marked every stage of 
the various competitions which preceded and culmina- 
ted in the election and crowning of Mrs. Janet Ohene 
Agyei as Ghana's new beauty queen for 1958, the 
echoes of which event have barely died down ! 

But tin's is a review of the year 1 957, the first year 
of Ghana's independence, and it is only appropriate 
that we should confine ourselves to the events which 
followed Monica's victory and, in their own small 
but nevertheless exciting way, the various seductive 
battles-royal which followed. 

Beautiful and charming Monica was presented to 
the Duchess of Kent who represented the Queen and 
Head of State of Ghana on that memorable day of 
March 6, 1957. It was on the eve of the opening of 
our first national Parliament. Thereafter, she travelled 
to the United Kingdom where she played an impressive 
and unique role as an "ambassador" from the young 
and sovereign State of Ghana. 

In spite of linguistic handicaps, Monica has since 
March last year done more than any one individual 
can claim by means of exquisite beauty and charm to 
publicise Ghana both through the medium of commer- 
cial advertising and through her personal manifesta- 
tion of what is typically Ghanaian feminine character. 
Her ready smiles, her friendliness and modesty, her 
poise and carriage, her personality and sociability 
were a big projection of truly Ghanaian womanhood. 

All beauty competitions that have taken place 
during the last twelve months beginning from March 

Picture shows "Miss Ghana 1957" (centre) with Mrs. M. B. Simms, (left) and Miss. E. Asafu-Adjaye 
at a reception in the Board Room of The United Africa Company, Unilever House, London. 
Miss Ghana was the guest of the Company for three days when she visited London in April last year. 
Similar honours await "Miss Ghana 1958" when she visits London in May. 

last year — the Monica days — have emphasised two 
things, namely, simplicity and modesty and the 
dominating, restraining hand of tradition — lest the 
tendency to modernity should run riot! 

Many were the competitions, and in each of ihem 
simplicity of dress, simplicity of hair-do and simplicity 
of make-up were outstandingly remarkable about 
almost all the contestants. 

First, there was the "Mirror Queen" beauty 
competition organised by the "Sunday Minor" of 
Ghana. A majority of the photographs entered for 
this title showed much improvement over those 
entered for previous contests in as much as coaling 
the face with thick layers of "pancake" was concerned. 

Varied were the poses — side facing the camera, 
"frontal attack" on the cameraman — looking at his 
gadget nonchalantly over the shoulder! Some eyes 
were bewitchingly slanted, heads tilted and there 
were displays of up-to-lhe-minutc fashions and hair- 
dos galore — and all showed delightful evidence of 

"MISS GHANA 1958" 









general penchant of our womanhood to please and 

And the fortunate winner, Miss Odofole Acquaye of 
Accra, was really proud of the gorgeous kente cloth 
presented to her by Mrs. Florence Inkumsah, wife of 
Ghana's Minister of Housing. 

Next in importance was the annual"Miss Odwira" 
competition held at a dance at Akropong to round off 
the celebration of the Odwira festival by the people of 

So much importance was attached to this contest 
that the Nifahene of the State, Nana Otutu Ababio IV, 
was present at the dance and performed the ceremony 
of crowning the winner. 

The winner of this contest, Miss Mary Woode, a 
saleswoman in one of Accra'a leading stores hit the 
country's front page. She wore a regal smile and a 
pretty crown — the satisfaction and the prize for her 
achievement. She dressed simply and attractively; no 
wonder she was selected "Miss Odwira 1957". Her 
victory, too, was unique in that she was "Miss Odwira" 
of the year in which Ghana became independent. And 
this goes for all other beauty queens of last year. 

Tough Battle 

Now we travel to Ashanti where the battle was for 
the title "Miss Ashanti". A few days to thecompeti- 
lions, hundreds of glamour girls poured into Kumasi, 
capital of Ashanti. And, make no mistake, when the 
contest opened at the annual Revellers' Dance held 
at the Prempeh Assembly Hall, it was really a tough 
battle between the beauties of the region". 

Out of the scramble, a housewife emerged as "Miss 
Ashanti" and, incidentally, is it by chance that "Miss 
Ashanti, 1958" is also a housewife? Spinsters, look out! 
She was Mrs. Helena Aggrey, then 25 years old. The 
"Miss Ashanti" contest showed conclusively that 
some of our Ghanaian women are very judicious about 
the use of make-up, lipstick and kindred glamour 

There were quite a number of smaller beauty 
contests, too numerous to recount here. But among 
these was the "Miss Ashanti-Akim" contest. This 
competition took place at the Konongo Gold Mines' 
African Club and was ■ organised by the Ashanti- 
Akim Social Club. It was as keenly contested as 
any of the big competitions. Over 34 glamour 
girls from all over the staleentered and, coming on top 
of them all, was Miss Rose Afuah Amoakowaa of 
Odumase near Konongo. 

Enough of this stuff? No, you just cannot say that. 
As if in a cycle, the twelve-month year, which began in 
March 1957 and started with the first "Miss Ghana" 
beauty competition has jusi ended with another "Miss 
Ghana" beauiy contest. The prospects and the 
opportunities offered Monica last year were not in 
vain. They have excited a much wider and keener 
interest in this year's contest for the selection of 
"Miss Ghana" 1958. 





(Continued from page 17) 


DEVELOPMENT works carried out in the 
Trans-Volta Tbgoland Region during the 
past year include pipe-borne water supplies 
for Ho, Kpandu, Worawora; electricity supply for 
Ho: maternity clinics in the Buem-Kraohi District, 
and a 52-bed hospital at Adidome in the Tongu 

The official opening of projects in the Region has 
always been marked with jubilation by the people 
and hardly a month passes by without the opening 
of a postal agency, a school building, or a minor 
water supply being celebrated. But the biggest 
celebrations within the year were in connection with 
the opening of the Ho and Kpandu water-supplies, 
the Ho electricity supply and the Adidome hospital 
for which Government provided £80,000. 

The Hospital is managed by the Evangelical 
Presbyterian Church and it contains an out-patients 
department, an air-conditioned operation theatre, 
a laboratory and quarters for the medical and 
nursing staff. 

The water supply for Ho cost £30,000 while that of 
Kpandu cost £51,000. Both water supplies come 
from boreholes. The water supply for Kpandu 
comes from three boreholes. It is pumped to a 
service reservoir at the rate of 7,200 gallons an hour 
and the reservoir has a capacity of 10,000 gallons. 
The water is distributed through taps installed in the 
town. As far as it is known, Kpandu is the first 
town in West Africa to get softened water. 

The Ho electricity supply which was opened by the 
Prime Minister, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, is the second 
one to be opened in the Region. The first one was 
opened about three years ago at Kela. The electric 
power is also used in pumping water from one 
borehole into the town's new hill-top reservoir, 
which has a capacity of 100,000 gallons. 

Apart from water supplies, progress in the Region 
has been remarkable in the provision of schools, 
medical facilities, and in the improvement of roads. 


IN order that the Northern Region might keep 
abreast with other parts of the country in the 
field of education, a special scholarship scheme 
has been created whereby a limited number of 
Government scholarships will be awarded to persons 
from the Region. 

An outstanding feature of the scheme is that there 
is no age-limit and this is the first time an educational 
plan or this kind has been introduced for the people 
of the Nori hern Region. It is to allow more Northern- 
ers to be admitted into the University College of 
Ghana for degree courses. The scheme is one of the 
blessings of independence. 

Another major landmark in the North is the Frafra 
Land Resettlement Scheme. It involves redistribution 
of the surplus population of the Frafra and Zuarungu 
districts in Damongo in the Gonja district. The 
scheme is a combined operation embracing, apart 
from a Land Planning Committee, a number of 
Government Departments. 

People who have been resettled have been allotted 
farming lands and loaned seeds for planting and 
every encouragement given them to grow such 
cash crops as maize and tobacco under the guidance 
of the Department of Agriculture. It is hoped that 
once confidence has been established, settlement will 
proceed more rapidly. 

A programme for the drilling of boreholes has 
produced more sources of water for rural areas and 
has enabled piped supplies to be completed at Bole 
and Nangodi. 

A total of slightly less than a quarter of a million 
pounds was made available by Government for 
Regional development and development in the rural 
areas. The money was satisfactorily divided among 
all parts of the Region. The Navrongo, Nandon 
and Bimbilla water supplies and an addition of a 
labour ward to the Mission Hospital at Nandon 
are among the projects for which the money was used. 


It embraces the following departments: Day 
Nursery, Primary, Technical and Secondary- 
all in ideal surroundings unsurpassed for 
spaciousness and quiet in the heart of the city. 

ADDITROM runs efficient night classes in 
secondary and technical subjects which are 
becoming increasingly popular. 
It prepares students for the General Certifi- 
cate of Examination, the West African 
School Certificate and the London City and 
Guilds Examinations. 
It has an efficient and qualified staff. Excellent 
boarding facilities are available. 

For further particulars, apply to 


1 Consult us on your import wishes and problems: 


Representing: ^ 

lmhoff&. Lange Fr. Heinrich Buck | 

Sono Gurmels Walter Marr \ 

Sono Volkskunt G.m.b.H. Dr. Ing. H. 0. 




Holding sole agencies for the latest scientific 
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Knutsford Avenue, House No. 959/3 

P. O. Box 368, J 

I Accra, Ghana. | 

I I 





Chirman: Mr. Imoru Egala. 

General Manager: Mr. Harry Dodoo. 

In March, 1957 — Independence Week — an 
exhibition designed to put Ghana cocoa on the 
map was opened at Olympia in London by the 
then Ghana High Commissioner, Mr. T. Hutton- 
Mills, before a large crowd. It was at this exhibition 
that the Ghana Coat-of-arms was unveiled. Her 
Majesty Queen Elizabeth II had a preview of it and 
was shown round the Stand by the Board's Publicity 
Officer, Mr. F. Therson-Cofie. 

Some 600 people called daily on the Stand to gain 
information about cocoa export, its cropping, 
production, preparation, marketing and the use of 
the Board's funds. 

Model cocoa trees were provided to lend brilliancy 
to the Stand, costing a little over £2,000, manned by 
the Board's Publicity Officer and some Ghana 
students in Britain. This exhibition which lasted for 
a month was a tremendous success. 

In May, 1957, the Board paid the sum of £200,000 to 
Government for the erection of 10 Health Centres at 
Keie-Krachi, Kadjebi, Sampa, Nkoranza, Akrokerri, 
Suhum, Assesseo, Swedru, Tikobo and Akropong 
near Dunkwa. 

In August, 1957, the Board allocated the sum of 
£166,000 for a secondary school to be built at Swedru. 
Work on it has begun under the supervision of the 
Consultant, Mr. H. P. Winful. 

The Board has undertaken to run a river transport 
service on the Tano river to facilitate the evacuation 
of cocoa from the fertile areas around Elubo and 
Alenda Wharf. 

In this connection, the Board voted in August 
1957 the sum of £200,000 for this project the founda- 
tion stone of which arrangements are now being 
made to be laid. The Board is constructing wharves, 
cocoa sheds and other buildings in the areas in 

During the first week of October, 1957, the Prime 
Minister, Dr. Kvvame Nkrumah, laid the foundation 
stone of the Board's new offices on Station Road, 
Accra, at a colourful ceremony. Some 300 guests, 
including Cabinet Ministers, Chiefs, licensed buying 
agents, farmers and Government officials, attended 
the function. The cost of the building which may be 
completed towards the end of the current year is 
about half a million pounds. 

In November, 1957, the Board voted the sum of 
£68,000 for the establishment of two Technical 
Field Units to operate in the Northern Region. 

During the middle of November, 1957, the Board, 
through its chairman, Mr. Imoru Egala, presented 
to the Director of Social Welfare, Mr. P. F. du 
Sautoy, a cheque for £12,000 out of a total allocation 
of £39,000 for the construction of the 36-mile 
Forifori — Amankwakrom road in the Kwahu district. 
This road will facilitate the transportation of cocoa 
in the Afram plains. 

The planning of the bridge as well as preliminary 
work is in progress. Equipment has been provided 
and the work is to start in earnest soon. 

Early this year, the Board paid to the Ghana 
Educational Trust the sum of £2J million for the 
building and running of Secondary Schools in 
cocoa-growing areas. Building of these schools will 
begin this year. 

The object of this move is not only designed to give 
secondary education to sons and daughters of cocoa 
farmers, but also to encourage scholars in the rural 
towns to continue their education in their own areas. 
This will avoid expenses incurred through travelling 
to other parts of the country to find admission 

F. Therson-Cofie, 
Publicity Officer, C.M.B. 



Chairman: Mr. E. Ayeh Kami. 

THE year has been one of increased responsi- 
bility, wider and more intensive activity and 
fine achievement for the Industrial Development 
Corporation. In addition to its normal functions, the 
attainment of independence saw the beginning of the 
operation of the new luxury hotel, the Ambassador, 
which it was the responsibility of the Corporation to 
equip, staff and organise to a standard that would 
ensure comfort, efficiency and general satisfaction to 
its guests, especially those who had come from abroad 
for the Independence celebrations. 

The Corporation was further entrusted with the 
responsibility for the management of loans invested in 
other new undertakings, West African Pictures 
(Ghana) Limited and Guinea Press Limited. 

The Corporation, apart from the above under- 
takings, has fifteen Subsidiary Companies all of whose 
interests are held exclusively by the Corporation. 

Besides those, however, the Corporation has 
interests in eight Associated Companies. In both 
categories, the Corporation has made considerable 
progress during the year. 

Of particular interest are experiments that were 
carried out during the year in the factory of the Ghana 
Cigar Company (I.D.C.) Limited in Accra on the 
production of cased leaf tobacco (black strap) which 
is a popular importation from abroad involving the 
expenditure of valuable foreign currency. 

The experiments have met with an appreciable 
measure of success and it is hoped that, before long, 
locally grow n tobacco can be successfully processed to 
commercially acceptable standard. 

Another product which is an important item in the 
life of the people of the rural areas is matches, and the 
Ghana Match Company (I.D.C.) Limited which is 
ideally sited at Kade has put finishing touches to its 
equipping, staffing and organisation during the year 
and it is expected to go into production any time 
from now. 

The success of the Pioneer Biscuit Company 
Limited which came into production before the 
Christmas is a strong justification of the wisdom of 
the policy of joint participation in economically 
sound enterprises as a means of encouraging invest- 

The Pioneer Biscuit Company in which Edward 
Nassar & Company Limited and the Corporation 
have equal interests has a fine modern factory in 
Kumasi and "Pioneer" biscuits have met with 
enthusiastic reception and bid fair to become a 
household word throughout Ghana and, eventually, 
in other West African territories. 

Other undertakings have made progress during the 
year. Mention must be made of (he excellent work 

General Manager: J. A. Harris 

being done by the Ghana Laundries (I.D.C.) Limited 
in providing first-class laundry and dry-cleaning 
facilities to its rapidly increasing number of customers. 
The operation of the establishment has been so 
successful that a receiving and delivery centre has 
been opened in the city for the convenience of 
customers and to relieve the inevitable congestion at 
the factory. 

The I.D.C. Furnitureand Joinery Limited continues 
to make progress. Considered to be the best equipped 
in West Africa and applying some of the most modern 
techniques and skills in the industry, the Company 
has produced furniture of a standard that can 
compare favourably with any in the world. The 
exquisite beauty and dependable utility of the 
furniture and fittings in the luxury Ambassador 
Hotel bear eloquent testimony to the excellence of 
its products. 

Of interest to those who believe in the preservation 
and development of our indigenous works of art, the 
Company has stepped up the activities of its salesroom 
in Accra which is actively and profitably engaged in 
the sale of locally carved handicrafts which is the 
main source of assistance to Ghana craftsmen. 

The Company proposes to organise shortly export 
business in handicrafts and thus continue to provide 
Ghana craftsmen with steady and gainful employment. 
When the scheme is implemented and gets going, it 
will provide just that amount of fillip necessary to 
resuscitate and refurbish an industry which is slowly 
but steadily dwindling. 

The Corporation is actively engaged in the develop- 
ment of an Industrial Estate in Accra which is 
important to the industrialisation of the Accra area 
on a small-scale basis. Of particular importance to 
the health and beauty of the capital is the fact that the 
industrial estates would help to solve the problem of 
small miscellaneous industries, such as small carpentry 
and fitting workshops and tin-smithies and other 
industrial oddments which clutter the city. 

The Estates Department of the Corporation have 
put in a great deal of work by way of preparatory 
investigation, planning and cost estimation. A leading 
firm of Engineering Consultants have already issued 
a preliminary report on a proposed site of 240 acres. 

The field to be covered in so vast and complex an 
organisation is so wide that it is impossible to do 
adequate justice to the excellent progress that has been 
made in all sections of its activities. But it will suffice 
to say, for the purpose of this report, that much was 
achieved during the year under review and much is 
planned to be done during the second year of Ghana's 

Moses Banquah 


Chairman: Mr. J. K. A. Quashie. 
General Manager: C. F. Amoo Gottfried 

The most spectacular of the Corporation's activities 
are schemes for the establishment of cocoa and 
oil palm estates, poultry, pineapple, tobacco, 
banana and coffee farms, fishing and boat-building 
and mechanical agriculture in which great progress 
was made during the year. 

On the two pineapple estates, some 900 to 1.000 
pineapples are harvested each week and are canned at 
the Government experimental canning plant at 
Accra. Site for a third farm has been acquired. 

These pineapple farms are, however, being 
established primarily to supply their produce to a 
cannery which the Industrial Development Corpora- 
tion intends to establish and it is hoped that some 
1,000 acres will be under cultivation by the time the 
cannery comes into operation. 

Negotiations have been conducted for a site at 
Kukurantumi where the Corporation hopes to start 
the first of three cocoa estates. The estate, which will 
be run on a co-operative basis, will combine plantation 
development with peasant ownership. 

An oil palm estate is being developed at Sese for 
the Corporation by managing agents. Some 3,000 
acres have been acquired and planted with 140,000 
specially selected high-yielding oil palm seeds imported 
from Nigeria. It is expected that this plantation will 
come into partial bearing in 1961 and into full 
bearing two years later. 

The Corporation has started poultry farms at 
Takoradi and Kumasi where eggs are produced for 
sale locally; in addition to eggs, the Corporation also 
prepares poultry food for sale to other farmers. 

The Marketing Section is responsible for sale and 
grading of certain produce of Ghana, both locally 
and overseas. The section at present deals with the 
export of palm kernels, copra, coffee and shea-nuts. 
Its purchases are made through buying agents at 
prices fixed by the Corporation. 

The Loans Section, which formerly formed part of 
the Ministry of Agriculture, exists to aid the small 
farmers to expand their production. Under the 
scheme a fund of £100,000 has been placed at the 
disposal of the Corporation by the Government and 
from this loans are given to applicants. 

Substantial assistance 

On first application "Test Loans", not exceeding 
£20, are issued to farmers. Such loans are intended to 
give borrowers an opportunity to prove that they can 
use the money wisely and can be depended upon to 
pay it back together with interest. Applicants who 
pass this test and produce evidence that they did in 
fact increase their food production, stand a good 
chance of obtaining more substantial assistance on 
second and subsequent application. In no case, 
however, does a loan exceed one hundred pounds. 
Loans have been granted to applicants for the 
cul ovation of additional acreage of food farms, for the 
development of cash crops, other than cocoa, and for 
livestock development. 

There is a separate arrangement regarding loans to 
fishermen. Applicants who wish to buy motor 
fishing vessels are required to provide twenty-five 
per cent of the combined cost of the vessel and the 
insurance premium for the first year. The balance of 
the cost and premium is advanced by the Corporation, 
which places orders with the manufacturer. The 
vessels are then given to the fishermen on a hire- 
purchase basis for a four-year period. 

The Loans scheme has proved very popular. At the 
beginning of the year, no less than £95,272 has been 
given out on loan to 4,323 farmers, with 26,735 
applications for test loans pending. 

The Corporation has recently announced a 
£27,000 National Food Distribution Scheme which 
is designed to ensure even distribution of foodstuff, 
thereby solving the problem of shortage in certain 
areas and raising the standard of living in the prin- 
cipal towns of the country. 

The Corporation will, under the scheme, establish 
wholesale storage depots for fish and meat, food- 
stuff of all kinds as well as garden eggs and pepper. 
The Corporation will buy them and store them for 
equitable distribution. 

The scheme has already started in Northern 
Ghana initially to relieve food shortage in the 
Navrongo area. . 

The Corporation held a successful Agricultural 
Show during the Independence Anniversary celebra- 
tions which attracted a larne number of visitors. 

"New Ghana 




GHANA is still a long way from becoming 
the architect's paradise but, even so, so 
much has been achieved within the last few years 
that the hope is not lacking that much leeway 
can be made within the foreseeable future. 

Public as well as private buildings all point 
to the shape of things to come. There is 
increasing evidence of a definite tendency 
towards the harmonious blending of striking 
elegance and functional simplicity, the under- 
lying principle being the importance of air and 
coolness in a country like ours. 

There is, however, one thing lacking. There 
is little or no evidence of the traditional 
architectural design — a great pity. 

The enterprising Americans are, however, 
not allowing themselves to follow the crowd 
and did in fact instruct their architect, Mr. 
Harry Weese, to design their £100,000 Embassy 
in Accra on an indigenous pattern. 

The result is the large sprawling structure 
that is going up in Accra near the Ministries. 
The inspiration? The Wa-Na's palace in 
Northern Ghana! 

Perhaps the first year of independence has 
provided the beginning of a new architectural 
era in Ghana. Who knows? 

"FUTURIST" says the keynote is beauty 
blended with simplicity. 


One of the many features of the year was the increasing number of first-class residential buildings that 
sprung up all over the country, particularly in the larger towns. A notable example is "Fiase Lodge" on 
Ring Road East, Accra, the residence of Mr. E. K. Dadson, Government Chief Whip and Ministerial 

Secretary to the Ministry of State. 


A number of large apartment flats are increasingly being built especially in Accra, Kumasi and Sckondi-Takoradi— all worthy efforts to help eas e the acuet 
housing shortage. One of these apartment flats is "Venus House" on Hall Avenue and Nsawam Road Junction, Adabraka, Accra, built by Messrs F. & M. 
Khoury of Nsawam. They have a row of similar block of flats on Prince of Wales Road, Takoradi. 




"T he following is a Report on the work of the Ghana Legion during 1957 
•*- submitted by the Secretary, Colonel Quigley, to the 14th Biennial Con- 
ference held in Melbourne. 

The Ghana Legion has headquarters at Accra 
with regional and sub-regional branches at the 
following places: Accra, Winneba, Cape Coast, 
Tarkwa, Asuem, Tafo, Kumasi, Mampong (Ashanti), 
Tamale, Bolgatanga, Kpandu, Mpraeso, Nsawam, 
Saltpond, Takoradi, Asamankese, Koforidua, Juaso, 
Obuasi, Sunyani, Yendi, Navrongo and Akpafu. 
Certain small branches in Togoland which had 
been opened as a trial have been closed down as it 
was found there is no real need for them in that area. 
Where the Legion has no branch, Government 
Agents act as Legion agents and forward recommen- 
dations for assistance. 

In our estimates for 1957, allowance was made for 
an increase in pensions to bring them into line with 
Government Disability Pensions. This estimate was 
set at £18,000 per annum. We are in fact paying out 
now at the annual rate of £17,753. There are 449 
pensioners on our books some of whom live as far 
away as Duala in the French Cameroons, Niamey in 
French Niger and Sokoto and Gwandu in Nigeria. 
At the time of my last report we had Rent-Free 
villages in operation at : 





60 residents 

Since then a further £2,000 has been expended on 
improvements at Accra village. Another village to 
cost £6,000 has been started at Bolgatanga and as 
soon as the rains are over a village will be built at 
Navrongo. The latter two villages will, in the first 
instance, each accommodate 12families. If it is found 
there is a demand for these houses, further accommo- 
dation will be added. 

Friends give help 

Except for Tamale, all villages have land attached 
for farming. The residents themselves do very little 
but their friends come in, generally on a Sunday, and 
give them a day's free work. 

The village at Yendi has, in add ition to farming 
land, plantations of sisal, kapok, mangoes and 

We have an instructor touring the villages teaching 
the residents sisal mat making and grass basket and 
hat making. The trainees beat and dye their own 
sisal and sell the products in the local markets. Two 
mosques are under construction in the village at 

Last Christmas, all residents received a woollen 
jersey and two heavy blankets as a Christmas present. 
They were also given the necessary funds for a "beer 
and bun" party. 

, On Independence Day (March 6, 1957) each Legion 
Pensioner received an extra month's pension and all 
African staff a week's extra salary. This cost approxi- 
mately £4,500. 

When Accra Memorial Hall was under construction 
we had insufficient funds to complete the project. 
Government very kindly gave us an interest-free loan 
of £7,000 and was, I think, very surprised to have it 
refunded en bloc two years before it was due for 

Government did, in the past, subvent the Legion 
to the extent of £2,000 per annum. This has not 
been drawn since 1955 and Government was thanked 
for its kind assistance and advised that this is no 
longer required. 

Accra Hall has had additional improvements put 
in at a cost of over £2,000. This has been money 
well invested as the Hail now brings in £25 for each 
dance or social function plus the electricity charges. 
It is also used for church services, commissions of 
inquiry and was, in fact, used by Parliament for just 
over a year. 

Commencing in the school year 1958, the Legion 
will award six scholarships to Secondary Schools or 
Technical Institutes. This is to be reviewed at the end 
of each financial year to see if it is possible to award a 
further six scholarships. A Ghana ex-serviceman 
who migrated to the United Kingdom with the 
intention of working by day and reading law by 
night has done so well that the Legion has now 
accepted the financial commitment for fees, etc., so 
far, at a cost of £606. The case is brought into review 
after every Law examination. 

This district is roughly 80 miles west of Tamale and 
is one of the richest farming areas in the country. 
The scrub has been cleared by the Gonja Develop- 
ment Corporation and the land is now available for 
use. It is proposed to acquire a suitable tract of land 
and build a village within easy reach of the farming 

All ex-servicemen amputees in the country now 
have three artificial limbs. Two are with the man 
and one is held in reserve at the Government Limb 
Fitting Centre. When a limb requires repair it is 
handed in, in the box provided, to the nearest Legion 
Branch or Government Agent whence it is des- 
patched to us. The reserve limb is then forwarded 
to the amputee, and the damaged limb is repaired . 

"IT is doubtful whether there is 
| any African territory that can 
show such an outstanding and 
successful organisation for the bene- 
fit of ex-servicemen as that which 
has been built up in Ghana since 
the war. 

"So impressive is this that we are 
attaching the report by Colonel 
Quigley, the Secretary of the Ghana 
Legion, who describes the conditions 
at present prevailing in that country 
and shows what has been done and 
what can be done in a comparatively 
small country where the ex-service 
organisation is under the control of 
a British Officer to whose imagina- 
tion and enterprise there is no 
limit and, what is equally important, 
where that Officer is supported and 
encouraged by the Government of 
the day and by other leading citi- 

Excerpt from report No. 5 of the 
British Empire Service League Work- 
ing Party on Colonial Ex-service 

The Central Council is now considering a scheme 
for the settlement of ex-servicemen at Damongo. 
and put in reserve. Amputees sometimes have to come 
in due to stump shrinkage. In these cases, Govern- 
ment pays the fare in and out, the Legion accommo- 
dates them and pays them sufficient to cover the cost 
of their food. The Legion also provides them with 
clothes and footwear. 

Many aged ex-servicemen, when they feel their 
time has come, wish to return to their countries. 
The Legion pays for repatriation which generally 
means air fare, as they are unlikely to stand up to 
the long and arduous journeys by lorry to their own 
country. In addition to paying their fares, we provide 
them with money for food and ensure that on arrival 
in their countries they do not starve. This is very 
often difficult to arrange as the repatriates are: 

(a) very vague as to the situation of their villages, 

(b) have not the slightest notion who is their 
nearest Government official through whom we 
can make their monthly payments. 

If they are blind or decrepit, it is also necessary to 
send an escort with them. If it is a case of travelling 
by air, this becomes expensive particularly if the 
escort wishes to return to this country. Sadly enough, 
these aged ex-servicemen seldom live long to enjoy 
their pensions. 

Widows and dependents of deceased ex-servicemen 
are also repatriated by the Legion but this is generally 
done by road and /or sea. 

The Legion supports eight widows of ex-servicemen 
who had distinguished careers in the Regiment and 
pays for the education of fourteen children of deceased 
ex-servicemen. It also pays for the maintenance of 
one orphan with the Child Care Society. 


Chairman, Central Council, Ghana Legion. 

Lately, the supply of wheeled invalid chairs has been 
taken over by the Legion and all ex-servicemen who 
need these appliances have been supplied with them. 
Spectacles and artificial dentures are supplied free to 
those who require but cannot afford them and on 
easy repayment terms to those who. although in 
employment, have insufficient ready cash to meet the 

The Legion employment bureau continues to 
function most satisfactorily. At the start, jobs were 
obtained purely through personal friends but now 
the word has been passed round that the bureau does 
try to provide reliable ex-servicemen of the type 
required and the telephone rings endlessly for 
stewards, messengers, drivers, labourers and crafts- 
men of all types. 

A situation was obtained a few weeks ago for a 
teleprinter operator who had been out of employment 
for three months. We have a good contact with 
certain mines (gold and diamond) security forces 
who absorb all suitable types as soon as they leave 
the Service. 

We do like to get an ex-serviceman into employment 
as soon as he is discharged, as a few months' sitting 
round the market-place does not improve his likeli- 
hood of holding down a job. There remain the same 
old troubles — too many drivers and too many 
clerks. It is a great pity that intensive training 
cannot be given to these types for, say, one year 
before leaving the Service to give them a better 
chance of obtaining employment, as the average 
driver or clerk is very seldom up to the standard 
required in civil life. It is hoped that, now the Services 
here are Ghana Military Forces, it will be possible to 
approach Government with a scheme for pre-dis- 
charge training. 

Lotteries are popular 

Free legal aid is still given in necessitous cases. 
All eases are first submitted to the Legion Legal 
Adviser who states whether or not he considers the 
case should be defended. 

Government still gives free Medical attention to all 
unemployed ex-servicemen and their dependants. 
There is the usual recurring crop of applications for 

(a) Replacement of lost Discharge Books. 

(b) Supply of medal ribbons. 

(c) Assistance to re-roof houses. 

(d) Complaints by Government Pensioners 

(e) Burial fees in respect of ex-servicemen who 
die destitute. 

(f) Re-testing for heavy vehicle driving licences. 

(g) Minor financial assistance. 

(h) Inquiry into wrongful dismissal from employ- 
ment and a host of other items which would 
take too long to enumerate. 
Our lotteries have become most popular and the 
income from this source has enabled us to expand 
and take on more commitments. In December a 
monthly lottery was put on the market for the first 
time and this also has shown an appreciable profit. 



CARL MUTT says: 


It is very surprising to think that one year has 
passed since Kwame Denlu, our football ace. 
kicked down Ihe goal posts. Time really flies. 

Perhaps you are wondering how it came about 
that Dentil performed the astonishing feat ef breaking 
the goal-posts into four pieces by kicking them with 
his "iron leg". You see, on the day after Independence 
day last year, there was a football match between our 
village and the village just two miles away. 

Dentu of course is our right full-back, and a very 
dangerous one too. It happened during the match 
that the visiting team was pressing hard to score a 
goal Dentu was at one moment forced to push tie 
ball out of play over the line on which stood the 
goal posts. It was for course a clear case of a corncr- 

' Dentu has his own way of dealing with corner 
kicks He usually makes the goal-keeper stand near 
the post farther away from the direction from which 
the ball is supposed to be kicked. He stands abreast 
of the goal-keeper and, as soon as the ball is kicked, 
he and the goal-keeper dash out parallel to the 
goal line. This method always proves infallible in 

SU \Vell, as Iwas saying, they both dashed out in the 
direction of the approaching ball. Unfortunately, 
ihe ball was a very low one in this case and, quite 
naturally, Dentu decided to smash it to atoms, with 
his foot of course. He would have accomplished his 
desire had the ball not been in the direct line ol the 
nearer goal-post. Dentu swung his dangerous right 
foot but, alas! the goal-post was between the loot 
and the ball, so his foot came with a terrific crash 
on the bamboo goal-post. 

There was a resounding crash like a lony 

running into a wall, and both goal-posts with 
fht cross-bar came crashing upon Dentu and the 

The ball rolled into Ihe goal and the visitors 
claimed a win; but, of course, how could that be? 
How could a goal be scored when there are no goal- 
posts for the ball to pass between? The match, 
quite naturally, ended in a complete confusion. 

But let us come back to the main subject of our 
account— a year of independence. 

It has been a verv interesting year indeed. Never 
before had so many things happened in our village 
in so short a lime— just twelve months. 

For a week after independence day, Mr. Adolf 
Ami the son of our village letter-writer, returned 
from Britain after four years' studies He is a lawyer 
(he only one from our village. The day of his arrival 
was a great one for all of us. 

The green car 

He arrived late in the afternoon from Accra, in a 
large green car that had a flag on it. 

We had all been warned of his arrival, so I didn't 
understand why his father looked nrfnatoM 
almost the whole town turning out to meet him. 
The chief was there and so were his drummers and 
our girls. One of the girls, Akosua Afranie, was the 
dri-friend long before the boy left for his studies 
overseas She was dressed in Rente. She looked 
really beautiful. 

Adolf Anti alighted from the car. He wore a dark 
suit and a hat that looked like a cooking-pot. I 
understand thai this is ihe hat ihe fashionable 
youngmen in Britain wear. He looked very impressive 
fhough somewhat changed. For one thing, his 
kin looked a shade lighter than it was when he was 
leaving for Britain. Our calechist said that if he had 
lived in Britain a bit longer he would have become 
fed. . . , 

Libation was poured by the l<^r-wriier-faiher 
and drinks were served. In fact, everybody ^was happy. 
We have decided to vote him into Assembly. He 
is a very clever man and he can help the Government 
to make our village very nice. 

During the independence celebrations, many ol 
our people went to the large town about forty miles 
from our village and they came back to tell us all 
sorts of series. This year our chief beat gong-gong 
to the effect that no one should go to the large 
town for the celebrations and that any one found or 
caught breaking the order would be fined tn. 

We have done a lot within these twelve months to 
brighten up life in our village. We were able to 
collect £400 with which we have built our community 
centre. The trouble now is what we should do at the 
centre. Some people are suggesting that we hold 
dances there, others are saying that we should have 
night classes and still some have already started 


playing draughts and Ludo at the place. There is a 
saying now in our village: If you want somebody 
and he is not in his house or gone to his farm, you 
are sure to sec him at the Community Centre. It 

is true, you know. 

We are thinking seriously of changing the 
chairman of our local council. He is the postal 
agent and. what is worse, he does not come from our 
village. Since he came into office he has not been 
able to construct a single public lavatory. We last 
advised him that all people breeding pigs must be 
made to stop the filthy trade but he has not done 
anything about that. He does not respect us. 

We have unanimously agreed to elect the letter- 
writer as our new chairman. This discovery of the 
man's potentialities as a good thinker was made 
shortly after his son arrived from England as a 
full-fledged barrister. . 

Ebenezer Amofa, a young man from our village 
who is an engineering student at Kumasi College of 
Technology, has drawn a plan for making the stream 
that flows under the bridge before you enter our 
village into a pond or reservoir from which we 
can draw v/ater all the year round. In December 
and January we usually find it difficult to get water. 

He must be a very clever fellow, this Ebenezer. 
The only trouble is that he is the only person who 
can read the plan he has drawn. This unfortunately 

makes the whole business rather trying, for it means 
unless he is home on holidays we can hardly get 
going on the project. He has promised to bring along 
two of his colleagues at the College to help us to 
build the dam or tank when next he is on holidays. 

The chief and elders of the village gave him one 
guinea as a token of our gratitude for his ingenuity. 
He has in fact drawn up another plan for making 
electricity out of the dam or the water that will 
flow down the dam. He said he was taught the 
technique at his College. I have decided to send my 
eldest son, Kwame, to that College when he completes 
his elementary school in 1961. 

Everything is moving nicely in our village. 1 
believe it is the independence spirit that is doing it. 
Everyone vou meet looks cheerful and helpful 
Sometimes 1 become rather suspicious of the 
enthusiasm shown by neighbours when 1 am in a fix. 

Yes, everything is fine except for one small thing. 
The blacksmith is causing a lot of concern. He 
insists on hoisting our national flag in front of his 
shop everyday. Despite the warnings we have given 
him that his shop is not an official building and that 
he should not hoist the flag in front of it, he does 
not pay attention to our request. 

We are not even allowing our chief to hoist the 
flag in front of his palace— much more a blacksmith 





in a symphony of 
heel heights 

"Ladyline" is available in three different 
heel heights in the shell or classic cut. 

P. 0. BOX 659, ACCRA. 

Bata brings you the new " Ladyline "court, 
prettier than ever in spring's exciting new 
colours. Choose your own heel height; 
choose your own style. 




Branches throughout 






Singer Sewing Machine Co. Lid. Inside Front Cover 

(Continued from page 13) 

The group has a very wide circulation and distribu- 
tion is done through some 3,000 agents scattered in all 
parts of Ghana with the result that, they claim, 
"in a fortnight's time more Ghanaians are reached 
through these papers than any other newspaper in 

The main columns of these papers are devoted to 
"new literates"— men, women and children — and 
contain humour, sports, articles on morals and ethics 
as well as traditions and culture -and local and world 
news. Especial care is taken to have on the front 
pages topical or current news. Pictures are supplied 
by the Information Services Department. Occasion- 
ally, poems, idioms and the like are also published. 
A popular feature is the back page cartoon strip 
which depicts a Ghana folk tale in pictures and story. 

The Vernacular Literature Bureau is at present 
an independent statutory body and is controlled by 
the Vernacular Literature Board. But it has been 
proposed by the Government that in the very near 
future its name will be changed to "Bureau of Ghana 
Languages". This, in my opinion, is a sensible idea 
in view of the country's presenl status. The manage- 
ment of the Bureau would then pass into the hands of 
the Government and ii would become a unit of the 
Department of Information Sen ices. 

The present Director and Managing Editor of the 
Bureau are UNESCO personnel.* Recently the 
Bureau was presented with a small "Rotapnnt ' 
machine by UNESCO as par) of its equipment grant 
to Ghana. , ,. . 

Another vernacular publication is the religious 
quarterly, Kristofo Abofo (Twi and Ga) published by 
the Presbyterian Church. 

There are a few "house magazines" and newsletters 
published by some commercial and industrial houses. 

The Unicorn is the "house magazine' of The 
United Africa Company of Ghana Limited. It has a 
wide circulation and is edited by the Company s 
Information Officer whose office is in Swanmill, Accra. 

The Unicorn took its present form as a magazine in 
January, 1955; its predecessor was The U. A. C. News 
which started in December 1949 as a monthly news- 
paper- . . u , ir 

Primarily intended for distribution among the stall, 
The Unicorn is also issued to some of the Company s 
credit customers, schools, colleges and interested 
bodies. . , 

The Company, the largest commercial organisation 
in the country, has a large number of employees 
scattered all over the country, in village and town, 
and The Unicorn does a useful service by making 
available news of the activities of the various compo- 


(Continued from page 7) 

Ghana from the Ihraldom of imperialism and lighting 
the torch of freedom in dependent Africa. 

Durin" the course of the year various countries, 
organisations and individuals had made varied 
presentations to the Ghana Prime Minister. But 
Egypt and Lebanon went further to send envoys 
to Accra to confer decorations on him. The Grand 
Cordon of the Order of the Nile", one of Egypt s 
highest awards, was conferred on the Prune Minister 
by a special envoy of the Egyptian President, Colonel 
Nasser. The envoy was Salah El Shahed. 

Lebanon's award was the "Grand Cordon ot the 
National Order of the Cedar of Lebanon; which was 
presented by Mr. Fouad Braidy, a special envoy ot 
President Chamoun of the Lebanon. 

In connection with the forthcoming conference ot 
Independent African States which will begin in Accra 
on April 15, 1958, a delegation led by Mr. Ako Adjei, 
Minister of Justice, visited the seven capitals ot the 
participating nations, Sudan, Ethiopia, Egypt, Libya, 
Tunisia, Morocco and Liberia from Monday, 
February 10, and returned on Wednesday, March 5, 
the eve of the Independence Anniversary celebrations. 

The purpose of the mission, which was reported to 
have been successful wherever they went, was to 
discuss, according to the Ghana News Agency, 
"technical details and other arrangements tor the 
conference." , „ 

Other members of the delegation were Mr. George 
Padmore, Adviser on African Affairs, and Mr. A. B. 
B Kofi, Ministry of Defence and External Affairs. 

The year ended with the arrival of delegations and 
messages of congratulations from several nations 
throughout the world in connection with the hrsl 
Independence anniversar y celebrations. 

Edited and published by 


Publicity Promotions, P.O. Box 2208, Accra. 

Printed by Guinea Press Ltd., Ring Road West, Accra. 

nent branches and the men and women ei _ 

them, thereby bringing them into one family working 

for one common cause. 

The C. M. B. Newsletter, a quarterly magazine 
published by the Ghana Cocoa Marketing Board, 
designed to provide information about the Board for 
farmers, licensed buying agents, the press and the 
general public, is slowly and steadily achieving its 
objective. Copies are regularly sent to many countries 
including the United Kingdom, Germany, the United 
States of America, India, South Africa, France and 
Italy in addition to a long local list. 

The editor, Mr. Fred Therson-Cofie who is also the 
Board's Publicity Officer, writes: "Past issues have 
contained useful matter relating to purchases of cocoa, 
the work of the licensed buying agents, the Technical 
Mechanical Field Unit attached to the Departmenl of 
Social Welfare and Community Development which 
the Board maintains, news from cocoa-growing areas, 
sales of Ghana cocoa abroad, the Board's financial 
operations, development projects in various districts, 
reports on the scholarship scheme and activities of 
the Board's students studying abroad." 

The United Ghana Farmers' Council are producing 
their own "house magazine' 


U. T. C. 

Mobil Oil Ghana Ltd. 
A. G. Leventis & Co. Lid. 

John Holt 

/. D. C. 

Ghana Manufacturing Co. Ltd. 


Bankoto Agencies Ltd. 

S. C. O. A. (.Technical Dept.) 

Metropole Hotel 

Publicity Promotions 

U. A. C. (Motors) 










Inside Back Cover 
Back Cover 

Farmer, which is expected to make ils debut on 
Saturday, March 29, and it is anticipated that when 
these columns are written next year the report on this 
new addition will be one of devoted and vigorous 
service to the cause of the farmers of this country. 


We are grateful to : 

•Information Services Department for their pictures 

, on pages 3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 17, 21, 22 and 23 which they 

The Modern Ghana supplied promptly on request and for the free use we 

... .r ii. •„ -,..i.i:, ,,,c^.. "\nw r.hnna _ whirl! wp 

made of 'their' publication, "New Ghana", which we 
found a mine of information. 

♦The Guinea Press for the pictures on pages 5, 13 
and 16 and all the very kind help they gave us. 

•The Ghana Graphic Co. for the pictures on pages 
16 and 22 (the Gliding Club) and for lending us their 
Oscar Tsedze to do us the story on page 25. 

•Our contributors for giving up their valuable time 
to oblige us. 

*lt has just been announced that Mr. S. K. Otoo, 
M.P., senior editor of the Bureau, has been appointed 
officer-in-charge in succession to Mr. E. L. Read, 
Junior, who was loaned to the Bureau by UNESCO 
from March 1956 to March 1958 (Daily Graphic, 
March 28, 1958). 

•West African Publicity for advertisements. 



For Comfort, Good Food and Best 
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The most central HOTEL in ACCRA 



S Proprietor: \ 

\ E. S. SARKIS. | 

In fact, any 
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Of course, as our name suggests, we promote publicity, 
form of publicity. ..A new business... a new industry which you want the 
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leaflets and pamphlets... we will write them or "vet" them for 
you and arrange their lay-out and printing in attractive shape and at reasonable 

If you have anything to advertise in the press, drop in to see us or phone or 
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Remember, if your goods are not selling, if your services are not being sought, if 
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Our OFFICE is on the first floor of "Tunisia House", Station Road, Accra, 
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Our TELEPHONE NUMBER (temporary) is 5096. 


For Publicity Come to Publicity Promotions. 

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welcomes the opportunity of sending 

a message of goodwill after a year 

of Independence and Progress. 

Ghana has taken her place 

among the Nations and the Company 

reaffirms its faith in her future.